academic subjects to the full development regarding all the important aspects of education and general, physical, social and mental development over a longer period of time. Essentially meaningful and functionally adequate information is collected from various sources, techniques, tests, interviews, observations, case study and the like, is assembled in a summary form on a cumulative record card, so that it may be used when the student needs our advice for the solution of some educational or vocational problem. The cumulative record has been defined as ―a method of recording, filing and using information essential for the guidance of students. A cumulative record and supplies information on points such as the following. a) Personal : (i) name, (ii) date of birth, (iii) place and evidence of birth, (iv) sex, (v) colour (vi) residence b) Home : (i) Names of parents, (ii) occupation of the parents, (iii) parents live or dead (iv) economic status, (vI) number of siblings, older or younger, (vi) language spoken in the house.
181 c) Test Scores (i) general intelligence, (ii) achievement, (ii) other test scores, (iv) personality traits. d) School Attendance : (i) days present or absent each year, (ii) schools attend with data. e) Health : record physical disabilities, vaccination record, diseases suffered from. f) Miscellaneous : (i) vocational plans (ii)extra curricular activities,(iii) counselors note. If we analyze the items recorded on a cumulative record card, we find that only such items are included as are recorded in a case study. Data collected through non-standardized techniques like check lists, questionnaires, autobiographies do not find a place in the record card file. It must be remembered that recording and filing of information are not so important as using the information. Need and Importance of Cumulative Record : The cumulative records about students provide useful information to teachers, counselors and administrators. The need and importance of cumulative records in guidance are given below : Importance in Guidance : The basic principle and assumptions of guidance take into consideration the individual differences. Cumulative records reveal such individual differences and indicate the nature and amount of professional assistance needed by individual students of various stages of their development. It is useful in analyzing the future needs of the individual student and proper educational and occupational guidance can be offered on the basis of his needs. Importance in Teaching : The cumulative records of different students help the teacher in classifying students in accordance with scholastic attitudes and mental abilities. They are diagnostic tools to analyze a behaviour problem or an educational one. For example, why is a student backward in the class? What steps can be taken to remove his / her backwardness?
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- Fall '19
- Vocational education, Further Education, Vocational guidance, Group Guidance