Modern European History Final Study Guide

Compare and contrast the victorious allied powers

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3. Compare and contrast the victorious Allied powers’ treatment of Germany after the First World War with their treatment of Germany after the Second World War. Analyze the reasons for the similarities and differences. After the Treaty of Versailles (Paris Peace Conference) was created, which ended WWI, Germany took a massive loss - Since the treaty was practically one-sided, the Allies had essentially blamed Germany for the war - The country was forced into reducing its army size to 100,000 men and renouncing tanks, which significantly limited Germany’s military power - Lost a good proportion of territory – lost many colonies; Many Germans were opposed to the idea, which is what caused people to have strong political support in Hitler. - Had to pay for lots of losses / debts - They put the German Emperor William II on Trial After WWII, Germany also suffered many losses - Potsdam Conference o Nuremberg Trials o Loss of land o Return to Germany - Germany once again had lost some territory as Germans living there were even being expelled from those regions, forcing lots of population density in Germany (12 million) – Ukraine & Poland - Although Stalin believed they were going to receive benefits from this, he was wrong. Consequentially, he felt betrayed - The country was made into a more agricultural nation in an attempt for final restoration - Instead of being recalled of their military power, the country became a booming economy from the army it had in case it had to fight the USSR – to remain secure; wanted democracy
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4. Compare and contrast the ways that seventeenth-century absolute monarchs and twentieth-century dictators gained and maintained their power. In the 17 th century, they gained power through heredity & maintained it by being king Louis XIV: had support of the American policies; demonstrated his power; built Versailles; very extravagant; wanted everyone to like him; Divine Right of Kings; good at glorifying himself; whoever paid support to the king, he would house him; gained power through inheritance; created laws (totalitarian like Hitler); good orator; propaganda; silenced opposition (but not as much as Hitler); wanted more land Hitler: politics & propaganda to gain support; blamed struggles against the Jews used it to rally the country together; people bought into it; did not inherit power; great orator; Final Solution; wanted Germany to be the most powerful country in Europe; maintained power by killing everyone; silenced opposition – had a lot more opposition though; communism; wanted to attack countries; wanted more land 5. What were the main motives and justifications for the new imperialism? As a result of technology, imperialism was able to happen. With the creation of steamships, new guns, telegraphs and railroads, there was much better access, communication and resources. These scientific improvements gave Europe an arrogant appearance, as the country felt superior to others such as China or regions in Africa.
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