7. When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use? a.Podocytesb.Macula densac.Mesangial cellsd.Loop of HenleANS: BThe macula densa are sodium-sensing cells.The epithelium has specialized cells called podocytes from which pedicles (foot projections) radiate and adhere to the basement membrane. Mesangial cells lie between and support the capillaries. Mesangial cells have phagocytic ability similar to monocytes, release inflammatory cytokines, and can contract to regulate glomerular capillary blood flow.The loop of Henle is where fluid reabsorption occurs. 8. When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the: 9. A urologist is discussing a structure that supplies blood to the medulla. What is the urologist describing? 10. A nurse is describing the trigone. Which information should be included? The trigone is defined as: 11. When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion. a.Membranousb.Prostaticc.Cavernousd.Vas deferensANS: B In the male, the prostatic urethra is closest to the bladder. 13. While reviewing urine lab results, the nurse remembers the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is directly related to the:
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- Fall '08
- Nephron, loop of Henle, glomerular filtration rate , Renal Function