Square fitting linear fit computer algebra and

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square fitting, Linear Fit. Computer algebra and Introduction to MATHEMATICA, Introduction to MATLAB. Algorithm development using C++. Simulation techniques and computer graphics, computational techniques in investigating and visualizing fundamental physics. Recommended Books: 1. Harvey M. Deitel and Paul J. Deitel, 2012, C++ How to Program, 8/e, Early Objects Version , Prentice Hall 2. Richard Fitzpatrick, 2011 , Introduction to Computational Physics , University of Texas. 3. Paul L. Devries and Javier E. Hasbun, 2010, A First Course in Computational Physics , John Willey
Scheme of Studies BS Physics 25 GC University, Faisalabad and Sons. N.Y.. 4. R. H. Landau, M. J. Paez and C. C. Bordieanu , 2007, Computational Physics: Problem solving with Computers , Ed. 2 nd , Wiley VCHVerlag GmbH & Co KgaA. 5. Andi Klein and Alexander Godunov, 2006, Introductory Computational Physics , Cambridge University Press. 6. William H. Press, Brian P. Flannery, Saul A. Teukolsky, and William T, 1998, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing , Vetterling Cambridge University Press. PHY-606 Solid State Physics-II 3 (3 0) Solid state problem, Born-Oppenheimer approximation, free electron approximation, density of states, Fermi Dirac distribution, k-space, concept of Fermi energy and the Fermi surface, free electron description of Heat capacity, electrical conductivity of metals, Hall effect, Nearly free electron model, origin of the energy gap, , Bloch functions, motion of electrons in electron in a periodic potential, crystal momentum, effective mass, physical interpretation of the effective mass, Augmented Plane Wave method, Semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, intrinsic carrier concentration, mobility, impurity conductivity donor states, acceptor states, thermal ionization of donors and acceptors, simple description pf pn-junction and rectification, Transistors, Semiconductors heterostructure and outline of solid state lasers, Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism, Larmor Diamagnetism, Adiabatic Diamagnetism, Pauli Paramagnetism, Conduction electrons Diamagnetism, introduction to superconductivity. Qualitative aspects of BCS Theory. Recommended Books: 1. M. Ali Omer, 2009 “Elementary Solid State Physics”, 6th Edition. D. Kindersley Pvt. Ltd. 2. H. Ibach, H. Luth, 2009 “ Solid State Physics:An introduction to the principles of material science” 4th Edition by Springer. 3. C. Kittle, 2004 “Introduction to Solid State Physics”, 8 th Edition by John Wiley and Sons Inc. PHY-608 Laser and Optics 3 (3 0) Review of quantum mechanics, interaction of radiation with matter,Spontaneous and stimulated emission, absorption, cavity, gain medium, population inversion, threshold condition, Three and four level laser, pumping mechanisms, properties of a laser beam, Modes of a rectangular cavity, Raleigh-Jeans and Planck radiation formula, mode density, homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening of atomic transitions, amplitude fluctuations and spiking, Rate equation approach to Laser theory, stationary solution, time-dependent solution, lasing condition, hole burning effect, Matrix formulation of Geometrical optics , optical resonators, Q-switching

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