disease of the airways, inhalation therapy is preferred over oral or other systemic therapy. Inhaled therapy using metered-dose inhalers or powders allows a high concentration of the medication to deliver directly to the airways, resulting in fewer systemic side effects. Spacer devices can be used to improve delivery of inhaled medication, but training and coordination are still required of patients using metered-dose inhalers. Emergency management of acute asthma should include early and frequent administration of aerosolized B2-agonists and therapy with systemic corticosteroids (Kume, Fukunaga, & Oguma, 2015). Frequent assessment for response with PEFR should be performed.Hospital for patients with asthma should be very aggressive. The aim is to decrease mortality andmorbidity and to return the patient to preadmission stability and function as quickly as possible.
Much as the day-to-day responsibility for managing asthma falls on the patient and the patient’s family. Patient education is a powerful tool for helping the patient gain motivation, skill, and confidence to control his or her asthma. Patient education involves helping patients understand asthma and learn and practice the skills necessary to manage it. This includes providing information, developing a partnership with the patient, involving the patient in decision making, and demonstrating and observing asthma management practices such as the proper use of inhalers, nebulizers, and peak flow meters.McCracken, J., Veeranki, S., Ameredes, B. (2017). Diagnosis and management of asthma in adults. Retrieved from Kume, H., Fukunaga, K., Oguma, T. (2015). Research and development of bronchodilators for asthma and COPD. Retrieved from
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