international community being portrayed as one of the most significant matter on the international agenda. In the last 4 years the other international influencers have directed their attention towards the tangled situation from Syria. This increasingly complicated armed conflict has long term implications for both the country’s internal situation as for the Middle East as a whole or the international system. The conflict of Syria is much more complex and tangled, than it looks at the first sight.
Discussion "The people want change in the administration". The line that set the start for what was to become one of the bloodiest and horrifying civil wars of all times. In March 2011, young generation of Syria, seeking economic and political freedoms as well as dignity stood up against their government echoing for a new democratic Syria. This appeared to be the turning point of the Syrian revolution. However many chapters followed afterwards as the government’s brutality rapidly provoked wide-spread protests around the country. In order to suppress the protests, the Syrian government started a series of military attacks, sending tanks to the stirring areas while armed forces fired on the protestors causing several deaths and serious human rights violations. In short time the protests escalated, several reports presenting the death of more than 200 people just in the beginning of April. As the intensity in the crackdowns increased, and thousands of soldiers decided to change sides, an opposition government was formed in order to fight the Syrian army. However, the opposition constituted by defected fighters, fragmented political groups, grass roots activists and armed belligerents divided by ethnic or religious ideologies seized the dimension of the conflict, further complicating it. Terrified by the on-ground development of events in Syria, international powers along with human rights organizations called for cease-fire. As the armed forces of the Syrian government continued the crackdown against the demonstrators, president Bashar al-Assad lifted the emergency law that permitted the government to suspend constitutional rights. The death toll increased rapidly as the government increased its efforts to silence the protesters. The internal bloodshed caught even more attention of international players when the Syrian armed forces backed by tanks killed several hundred people in august 2011. Along the time, international actors as European Union, United States or Turkey tried to stop the bloody events, first by entailing economic sanctions on the regime and later by asking Assad to back down from power and allow the formation of a transitional political government, without success though. European Union imposed sanctions mainly on the oil-sector, United States deciding to freeze Syrian assets under U.S. jurisdiction. The G.D.P. that was 3.24% before the uprising, dropped dramatically within only one year period of time reaching a negative 2.3%, according to World Bank’s evaluation. The economic sanctions, which are still being enforced in Syria even
- Spring '17
- ibrahim farat