Schmidt once again reminds us that the commonly held

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Schmidt once again reminds us that the commonly held view until recently is that the attempts to crush the new labor was the result of a hysterical public exerting its pressure on the federal government. Furthermore, it used to be believed that the Bureau remained largely on the sideline of the labor issue and when it did intervene that it played a small and objective role. This
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could not be further from the truth. The Bureau was deeply entrenched in the labor movement even before the Red Scare, having infiltrated and studied numerous unions like the IWW, and the Bureau's bias was clearly on the side of the employers. (Schmidt 206) The prejudice was so bad at times that the employers would flat out ask the Bureau for assistance in dealing with the forces of radical labor.(Schmidt 207) The Bureau was more than willing to investigate these claims because they felt an inherit need to defend the American economy from any threats, whether they be real or imagine. For example when the coal miners threatened to strike in 1919 the entire force of the Bureau and the Justice Department was brought against the coal workers to prevent it. The most important thing to the government; preserving fuel lines and therefore the American economy. Whether the miners had a right to strike or were radical or not did not matter, they were infiltrated, and portrayed to the public as having Bolshevik sympathies and ideas. (Schmidt 233) Once again the Bureau is attempting to garner public support through the channels of anti-radicalism rather then responding to some public outcry. The apex of the Red Scare is the Palmer Raids of course. The sudden deportations of up to 10,000 aliens across the country shocked many people and is seen as an unprecedented and highly illegal maneuver.(Schmidt 237) The Raids were, however, the next logical step to be taken by the Bureau and the Justice Department. Their sudden nature has lent some credence to the theory that they were in response to a hysterical public’s demands for stricter action against the radical aliens within America. A resolution by senator Poindexter urged the government to take stronger action against the radicals and harshly criticized the Justice Department and Wilson's administration for failing to curtail the Bolshevik influence. Poindexter went as far as t o say, “There is grave danger that a Government will be overthrown when it ceases to defend
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itself. This is no time for sensitiveness on the part of public officials.”(Schmidt 237) It is not unreasonable to then assume that the Raids were in direct response to the accusations of Poindexter, however the files of the Bureau prove that the actions of the Raids were in the planning stage long before the Poindexter resolution.
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