Initial 2:Challenges in Policy making in developing countriesInformational and analytical activities, as well as forecasting for the processes of socioeconomicdevelopment, should be an important element of all levels of governmental administration.Technology enabled government promises to deliver better services and hence facilitate better
lives for citizens. However such e-government cannot be implemented without trust betweengovernment and citizens and between government departments. Concerns over informationsecurity and privacy have become a contentious issue for governments and stand in the way ofthat trust. The pursuit of drug prohibition has generated a parallel economy run by criminalnetworks. Both these networks, which resort to violence to protect their markets, and thepolice and sometimes military or paramilitary forces that pursue them contribute to violenceand insecurity in communities affected by drug transit and sales (Trutnev, D., Vidyasova, L., &Chugunov, A., 2015). In Mexico, the dramatic increase in homicides since the governmentdecided to use military forces against drug traffickers has been so great that it reduced lifeexpectancy in the country.Research on drugs and drug policy has suffered from the lack of a diversified fundingbase and assumptions about drug use and drug pathologies on the part of the dominant funder,the US government. At a time when drug policy discussions are opening up around the world,there is an urgent to bring the best of non-ideologically-driven health science, social science andpolicy analysis to the study of drugs and the potential for policy reform. Standard public healthand scientific approaches that should be part of policy-making on drugs have been rejected inthe pursuit of prohibition. The idea of reducing the harm of many kinds of human behavior iscentral to public policy in the areas of traffic safety, tobacco and alcohol regulation, food safety,safety in sports and recreation, and many other areas of human life where the behavior inquestion is not prohibited )Wright, D., Gutwirth, S., Friedewald, M., De Hert, P., Langheinrich,M., & Moscibroda, A., 2009). But explicitly seeking to reduce drug-related harms through policyand programs and to balance prohibition with harm reduction is regularly resisted in drug
control. Needs to decriminalize minor, non-violent drug offenses and strengthen health andsocial-sector alternatives to criminal sanctions. Reduce the violence and other harms of drug
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