The Book of Prof Shad.docx

From the point of view of morality and justice no

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From the point of view of morality and justice, no utilitarian calculation of the overall benefits to society can justify depriving the poor of their basic needs. Bentham's "greatest happiness of the greatest number" principle may be an attractive economic proposition but it is unacceptable morally. Poverty eradication: The international discourse on human rights has broadened its horizons to encompass theories of poverty eradication and development planning. Social hierarchies and societal structures that contribute to poverty are being examined. Human development: There is more to human development than mere economic development. In the view of Amartya Sen “economic poverty is not the only kind of poverty that impoverishes human lives. Politically unfree citizens – whether rich or poor – are deprived of a basic constituent of good living”. Free speech & economic vulnerability: An equitable sharing of the benefits and burdens of growth is more likely in a society with freedom of speech and transparency in decision-making than in an authoritarian set-up. 18
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K-economy: The rise of the k-economy is undermining the right of workers to organise and to be heard. The ILO has pointed out that teleworkers are unable to organise in the same way as workers on the factory floor. Networked or virtual firms do not provide a stable environment for collective bargaining. Right to privacy: The triumph of technology has put some civil rights under severe pressure. Among the rights facing extinction are intellectual property rights and the right to privacy. Due to mechansation workers are becoming redundant and laid off. Indigenous resources Private sources of tyranny Transnational corporations and cross-border violations Globalisation: Globalisation rejects subsidies, abhors programmes of re-distributive justice and frowns upon social welfare policies Environmentalism SUMMING UP The cup of liberty is not full to the brim. But it is not empty. There is enough in it to relish, cherish and safeguard. But we must be vigilant. Human rights violations came in many forms: oppressive laws that authorize arbitrary powers; privatization of “terror” by the state through surreptitious links with nefarious, private sector groups; development-paradigms that harbor the roots of marginalization and inequity; environmental degradation; landlessness, homelessness, exploitation of labour and women and oppressive practices in the name of culture or religion. The human rights movement in the decades ahead must be prepared to “rethink” human rights; articulate alternative approaches to the dominant concepts, interpretations and practices spawned by mainstream capitalist society; and to formulate a more holistic understanding of human dignity founded upon social justice.
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