ii.Interest Groups:Quasi-groups may turn into interest groups. Organization and a program or goal. Example, capital or management may organize as a business association, labour may organize as a trade union. These groups either defend orattack the existing authority relations. Emergence of opposing interest groups. CONFLICT GROUPS!
e.Classes and Class Conflict: classes as “conflict groups arising out of the authority structure of imperatively- coordinated association”. Class conflict involves struggles over authority in these associations. i.Definitional Issues:This only applies to his concepts of imperatively-coordinated associations. (i.e., if 50 association, potentially 100 classes... 2 quasi-groups whobecome interests groups which are classes)ii.The institutionalization of class conflict:Marx envisioned violence class conflict. Darendorf focused on institutionalization of class conflict, meaning conflict that is regulated by institutions... social change will be reformist not revolutionary. Example, economic sphere of society illustrated by unionization and collective bargaining... labourers and capitalists try to work out agreement. Also in the legal and political sphere of the state... settlement of grievances through the courts, negotiation of policy and legislation through parliament. Social conflict asa force for social change, but also as a way of resolving problems and thereby restoring social order. f.Criticisms of Darendorf:i.Criticism of his definition of classes:There is an almost limitless number of classes in any given society. Renders the idea of class virtually useless. We need a relatively small number of general classes.ii.Criticism of his approach to power:presents a dichotomy of authority that people argue is just too simplistic. The complex system of power in a modern corporation cannot be dichotomous because it comprises, owners, top exec’s, middle managers, salary employees, and others. Where do you draw the line? Tuesday, January-08-13Neo-Marxian Theory A.Economic Determinism:the assumption that the economic system shapes all other aspects of society, such as the political system and the ideological system. Adopted by early neo-marxists.a.Neo Marxian theory:tries to re-interpret, revise, update marx’s theoretical ideas. Argument of economic determinism. b.Early neo Marxists:thought that the breakdown of capitalist society is inevitable b/c economy will cause the end of capitalism. B.Marx and Economic Determinism: early neo-marxists thought Marx was an economic determinist but he was not. Marx cannot be an economic determinist because:a.He focused on dialectical materialism. Problems in society stem from real material conditions such as the existence of capitalism. Argued that solutions to these problems must be found in dialectical relationships such as conflict between capitalists and workers.