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Chontae Sect (chinese :t’ient;ai) >>.Chogye sectChogyeojong 1085 : uniting doctrinal Buddhism and meditation Buddhism togetherKuksa 국사 (national teacher)Wangsa (Royal Tutor) -In 1059, they cut down the limit of how people could become monks (because in previous years, everyone could become monks and once they get popular, they would get power and influence people) External Problem of Koryo4. The Crisis and Buddhism1) The Mongol InvasionTemujin = Chinggis / Kinggis Khan (Great Chief or King)1231 : First Invasion (**8Ogodei Khan : started the war)Choe militaryKanghwa Island The Crisis and BuddhismSartag (Mongol Army Commander)Kim Yun-hu, Koryo monk (seung byung) –retreated but invaded 6 times for 30 year of period time while the king was exempted in Kanghwa Corvee (부역) commoners : labour service to the state/ military service / taxation >> Yangban, Buddhist temples, sowon were exempt. The Crisis and Buddhism2. Koryo Tripitaka / Tripitaka Koreana - while hiding in Kanghwa Island (thought if they pray hard, Buddha would come down and fight for them)- This provided the unification of the nations ; religious devotion, but for the 30 years of time,People became more unactive, wishing that God would take care of things, when the crisis was coming to them soon* Palmantaejangyong 팔만대장경 : documentation of cannon (3 main contents of Buddhist Teachings) * Tripitaka on 80,000 printing blocks
* pitaka = basket / tripitaka = 3 baskets* Sutras = commandments = Treaties * Haeinsa Temple 해인사 5. The Degradation of Koryo and the Anti-Budhist Movement- Ming Dynasty 명 (mid-14thcentury)* Pro-Ming / Pro-Mongol- King Kongmin (r1351-1374) (married Mongolia’s princess_>>> Since the power of Mongolia was dying out, King Kongmin kicked out the military force set by Mongolians, and formed their own military* Monk Sindon (kuksa =teacher)* Sindon’s reformation ( asked rich people to return the land they took from the commoners, (revised Gwagu exam)Anti-Buddhist Confucian Literati :Chu Hsi’s Neo-Confucian philosophyChujahak (주자학)1)Chong To-jon (Ancestor Worship_Three-year mourning period2)Chong Mong-juLoyalty to one’s sovereign and filial duty to one’s parents (충효사상)Five Confucian Academies (오부학당)3)Yi chaehyun / Kil Chae, etc-Yi Sung-gye (Founder of Choson / Yi Dynasty) Almost at the end of koryo, there was a general (he elevated neo Confucian literati), he eliminated his rivals with the help, he established Choson or Yi Dynasty in 1392. This goes up to 1910. Tutorial on October 20thWell-known Sharman – Tangible treasure - 김금자 – process of invoking (bringing spirit) Syncretion – mixture of two or three religionsFor example, shamanism borrowed something from Buddhism.
* Important Lesson – let’s hand in on time!! Don’t be late! – lol- Name (full name in order)- tutorial number, - never re-grading (can get help before)- page number on each paper (top right side)- don’t include title page, -student number - to the tutorial teacher (mr.yoo),- thesis statement at the end of introduction(underline) – about 3 lines (clear indication ofwhat we are going to talk on the paper) ,