Sugar formed the foundation of the West Indian economy What tobacco was to the

Sugar formed the foundation of the west indian

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Sugar formed the foundation of the West Indian economy. What tobacco was to the Chesapeake, sugarcane was to the Caribbean-with one crucial difference. Tobacco was a poor man's crop. It could be planted easily, it produced commercially marketable leaves within a year, and it required only simple processing. Sugarcane, however, was a rich man's crop. It had to be planted extensively to yield commercially viable quantities of sugar. Extensive planting, in turn, required extensive and arduous land clearing. And the cane stalks yielded their sugar only after an elaborate process of refining in a sugar mill.~ The need for land and for the labor to clear it and to run the mills made sugar cultivation a capital intense business. Only ·wealthy growers with abundant capital invest could succeed in sugar. The sugar lords extended their dominion over the West Indies in the seventeenth century. To work their sprawling plantations, they imported enormous numbers of African slaves-more than a quarter of a million in the five decades after 1640. By about 1700, black slaves outnumbered white settlers in the English West Indies by nearly four to one, and the region's population has remained predominantly black ever since. West Indians thus take their place among the numerous children of the African diaspora-the vast scattering of African peoples throughout the New World in the Three and a half centuries following Columbus’s discovery. 14.) How are Rhode Island and North Carolina similar? (3 pts) North Carolina shares with tiny Rhode Island several distinctions. These two outposts were the most democratic, the most independent-minded, and the least aristocratic of the original thirteen English colonies. 15.)Why was Georgia originally valued by England?

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