Reply to the issues raised in paragraph 13 of the list of issues 46 The Child

Reply to the issues raised in paragraph 13 of the

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Reply to the issues raised in paragraph 13 of the list of issues 46. The Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA) prohibits the provision of certain types of military assistance and licenses for military sales to countries identified as “having governmental armed forces or government-supported armed groups, including paramilitaries, militias, or civil defense forces, that recruit and use child soldiers,” as that term is defined in the CSPA. Section 404(c) of the CSPA authorizes the President to waive the application of the CSPA’s prohibitions with regard to a particular state upon a determination that such waiver is in the national interest of the United States. 47. On 19 June 2012, the Secretary of State identified seven states that met the CSPA’s criteria for prohibiting certain types of military assistance and licenses for military sales during the applicable reporting period: Burma, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Yemen. The President subsequently determined that it is in the U.S. national interest to waive the application of the prohibitions to Libya, South Sudan, and Yemen; and to waive in part the application of the prohibitions to the DRC. The President’s determination is available at 77 Fed.Reg. 61509 (Oct 10, 2012). The prohibition was not waived as to Burma, Somalia, and Sudan. The United States only waives application of the CSPA prohibitions in the face of strong countervailing interests. CSPA waiver determinations are complex, and each decision is based on the 10
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CRC/C/OPAC/USA/Q/2/Add.1 unique situation of the state in question. In all cases in which a waiver is granted, the United States continues to engage with the state in question to end the unlawful recruitment and use of child soldiers. U.S. military assistance to states that receive waivers helps to professionalize militaries and promote needed reforms with respect to human rights (including child protection issues), democratic values, and civilian control of the military and addresses national security interests in building capable military partners in states emerging from conflict. In some cases, such assistance may be used, in part, to reinforce efforts to end the unlawful recruitment and use of child soldiers. In some instances, states receiving waivers have signed joint Action Plans with the United Nations to eliminate the use of child soldiers, and to rehabilitate and reintegrate former child soldiers. These action plans represent a significant commitment by these governments, and implementation of these time bound plans is monitored by United Nations experts and the United Nations Security Council. Reply to the issues raised in paragraph 14of the list of issues 48. The United States is by far the largest single donor to UNHCR, providing over $775 million to UNHCR in FY 2012. Funding in FY 2010 and 2011 was $708 and $691 million respectively. These funds are available for a broad range of UNHCR programmes, including building best interest determination (BID) capacity in various parts of the world.
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • Armed forces

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