Iii vi 19 th century globalization what political

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III) VI. 19 th Century Globalization : What political, socio-economic, and cultural forces contributed to globalization in the 19 th Century? How did non-European governments attempt to respond to these changes? IV) VII. Global Empires : What were the causes and mechanisms of European imperial expansion in Africa and Asia in the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries? Why was this imperial order unstable? V) VIII. World War I and its Aftermath : What were the causes and consequences of the First World War? (this question is connected to the issue of instability in Unit VII) There were two main causes of the First World War; the underlying cause of the war was that there were many secret alliances being formed between many of the European countries. One treaty was taken down on paper, the Dual Alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary, which stated that if either country was attacked by Russia or any ally of Russia they would attack and defend the other but not when anyone unassociated with Russia attacked. The next event that brought upon the war was the shooting of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand the second by a young Serbian, and then Europe burst into war. Slowly the rest of the world got wrapped up in this war
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for example the United States got involved when the cruise ship the Lusitania was sunk by Germans. The war lasted until November 11 1918 at the 11 th hour. The consequences of the war were mainly suffered by the Germans, minus the millions of deaths they caused. After the war ended the Treaty of Versailles was written up and most of what was decided for the treaty was limiting Germany in some way. In the treaty they lost all of their territories, their military forces were extremely limited and they were no longer allowed to be a part of the League of Nation and they had to take full responsibility for that war and pay for all the damages that they had done. This all shows that the instability in the world was so great that is basically crumbled. VI)IX. The World up for Grabs : What were the causes and consequences of the Second World War? What role did ideology play in this conflict? VII) X. Age of Global Superpowers and the End of (Global) History : In what senses was the rivalry between the USA and the USSR both a “cold war” and a “hot war”? What was the relationship between the Cold War and decolonization? The rivalry between the USA and USSR was considered both a “cold war” and a “hot war” for a few reasons. It was considered a cold war because there was not much fighting itself was going on but it was a hot war because both countries had nuclear weapons pointed at each other and ready to be launched at any minute. There was also the creation of the hydrogen bomb which was a nuclear bomb that was detonated by an atom bombs explosion. And there was the start of creating missiles you could launch into space and then they could hit anywhere. At anytime a nuclear war could go into action making it a hot war.
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