REFERENCES: Alexander MaconochieLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.1 – 352. Alexander Maconochie was in charge of the penal colony on _____.REFERENCES: Alexander MaconochieLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.2 – 5
53. Sir Walter Crofton refined the scheme originated by Maconochie, into what is known today as the __________________, or Irish system.REFERENCES: Sir Walter Crofton and the Irish SystemLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.3 – 554. The ___________ was renowned for its three classes of penal servitude:strict imprisonment, indeterminate sentences, and ticket-of-leave.ANSWER: REFERENCES: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 55. Federal parole began in June 1910, due to legislation that established the first three federal __________.REFERENCES: The Development of Parole in the United StatesLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 – 556. The rehabilitative ideal known as the __________ model dominated American corrections between the 1930s and the 1960s.ANSWER: REFERENCES: LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
57. The _____ model emphasizes the seriousness of the crime when determining release.REFERENCES: From Discretionary Parole to Mandatory ReleaseLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 – 558. First-time offenders on mandatory release serve __________ time on average in prison than do first timers with discretionary release.ANSWER: REFERENCES: LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 59. The lowest parole rates in the country are in the ______.REFERENCES: Characteristics of ParoleesLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 – 560. More parolees are removed from parole because of _____ than for the commission of new crimes.REFERENCES: Characteristics of ParoleesLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 – 5
61. Medical parole is also known as _____.REFERENCES: Saving Medical CostsLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 – 562. The conditional release from prison to the community for prisoners with terminal illnesses who do not pose an undue risk to public safety is ________ .REFERENCES: Saving Medical CoLEARNING OBJECTIVES: COBC.ALAR.13.4 –Essay63. Discuss Manuel Montesinos and Georg Michael Obermaier and their contributions to discretionary release and the development of parole.