3) There is a lot subjectively involved in the process of interviewing. The researcher there fore has to be skilled and experience. Only a trained researcher can carry out this process of interviewing successfully. 8.10 SUMMARY Interview consists of a dialogue between two or more persons. The fundamental advantage of this technique is that the researcher can actually interact with the subject on slides under consideration. Generally speaking, there are 5 types of interviews in social research. Structured interviews, Unstructured interviews, Focused interview, Depth interviews, Repeat interviews. Because interview is a process of interaction, interviewing goes through various stages like preparation stage, rapport
75 building sage, carrying the interview forward, probe questioning, recording the interview, closing the interview. Inspite of the limitations of the technique, closing the interviews, interview is said to be the best technique of data collection. 8.11 CHECK YOUR PROGRESS 1) What do you mean by interview ? 2) Analyse unstructured interview. 3) Highlight focus interview. 4) Explain Interview technique. 8.12 REFERENCES 1) Goode and Hatt, “Methods in Social Research” McGraw – Hill Book Company  2) Young Pauline, “Scientific Social Research” New York : Pentice Hall . 3) Parten Mildred, “Surveys, Polls and Samples : Practical Procedures ?New York : Harper  4) Wilksinso and Bhandarkar – “Methodology and Techniques of Social Research” Himalaya Publishing House. [1971 – 2001] 8.13 QUESTIONS
76 1) State the important classifications of interviews and discuss in detail Pauline Young‟s typology of interview. 2) Write a note in the „Technique of Interview‟ with reference to various stages involved in the process of interviewing. 3) Critically the evaluate the potential of interview as a technique of data collection. 4) “Interview is the best tool of data collection”. Comment
77 9 SCALINE TECHNIQUES Unit Structure : 9.0 Objectives 9.1 Introduction of Scale of measurement and Definition 9.2 Level of measurement 9.3 Meaning of Sociometry 9.4 Definition of Sociometry 9.5 Techniques in Sociometry 9.6 Summary 9.7 Check your progress 9.8 References 9.9 Questions 9.0 OBJECTIVES : To acquaint students with different types of measurement with examples. To familarise students with meaning of sociometry and various techniques used in sociometry. 9.1 INTRODUCTION : The concept of measurement refers to the process of describing abstract concepts in terms of specific indicators by assigning numbers to these indicators in accordance with rules. In social research measurement of social phenomena has become an essential prerequisite because of a number of reasons. One of the important reason for measuring social phenomena is to allow the researcher the opportunity of using those phenomena is hypothesis to determine the effects of a set of variables to others (Black and Champion 1976 : 170) Monette.et.al (1986) defines measurement as a process of describing abstract concepts in terms of specific indicators by the
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