8 with health insurance coverage. As HIPPA went through several modifications from 1996 to 1999 the legislation failed to pass health privacy legislation. The main goal of the bill in 1990’s was the health insurance, but HIPPA has now had an impact on the practice and privacy of the health information. HIPPA has several elected administrations before and after it was signed into law. It reveals that politics have a way of starting out as bill for a particular issue, and then transforming into impacting another sector of health care. Impact of governmental and non-governmental regulatory agencies on health care policy Both governmental and non-governmental firms at the local, state and federal levels have direct oversight of health care facilities, and practitioners in the benefit of safety and quality. Policies, rules and regulations for the industry as a whole are governed by these bodies and compliance is monitored. Office of Civil Rights (OCR): this governing body is a component of the Department of Health and Human Services (DDH). This body is in charge of HIPPA enforcement. It audits health care providers, and fines are given out for noncompliance. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) and the Office of National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) are agencies that help with the oversight of HIPPA in regards to auditing health care facilities. These agencies function as compliance resources. OCR audits for HIPPA compliance while the participation of CMS is crucial for health care providers to receive reimbursements for services. Additionally, some of these agencies provide accreditation that is voluntary but very crucial to prompt safety, quality and reimbursements in these health care facilities. Joint Commission: This non-governmental body provides accreditation benefits to health care organizations. Joint Commission has been actively directing providers to the need for patient safety. All these government agencies play a role in facilities being compliant with HIPPA .
9 Roles of stakeholders or interest groups in health care laws and regulations Boards of directors and stakeholders have to understand that patient security and privacy when taking care of patient. It is the most important situation is to follow local, state, and federal laws in regards to protecting all patients from young to elderly. As leadership, management and stakeholders we take full responsibility for patient safety. Stakeholders know that HIPPA policies will affect the medical staff, nursing staff, pharmacy, laboratory and other ancillary departments. As part of commitment, to the organizations stakeholders have made sure administrators create committees and policies to follow the federal guidelines. Stakeholders create or are pushing to create new health care policy under their leadership. Committee stakeholders make to help ensure safeguards of policies includes workgroups and committee and is made up of a crosshatch of clinical and non-clinical employees and physicians. These groups
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