Two Confederate warships made in British shipyard2.Equipped w/ large iron rams + large-caliber guns to destroy wooden Union ships3.If invade America1.=> destroy blockade and fire on eastern cities2.=> Union invade Canada => start full war with Britain3.=> pull off on attack + even gave $15.5 million dollars for Alabama damages2.Fury against Canada1.Confederate raids from Canada => destroy three banks and one dead2.Irish Americans fiercely hate England => unleash attacks on Canada1.Several “armies” of green-shirted men2.=> condemned by Canadians for violating neutrality but (many = voters)3.Dominion of Canada – Support Canadians both politically and spiritually4.Emperor Napoleon III of France1.Sent Austrian archduke Maximilian to become emperor of Mexico2.=> violate Monroe Doctrine1.Was betting that Union would dissolve and be too weak to enforce policy
2.North sent aid through Benito Juárez + soldiers = another diversion but Fr. out9.President Davis Versus President Lincoln1.Confederate Government weaknesses1.Constitution based off of North Constitution => cannot deny future secession (was created by secession)2.Strong central gov. = but states’ righters fought bitterly = harm unity of secession3.President Davis1.Tense, humorless, stubborn => not very popular among Cabinet/the people2.Suffered from nerve disorders => overworked himself (task beyond him)2.North Advantages1.Long-established gov. 1.Financially stable2.Fully recognized by North and foreign powers2.Not as much trouble with Pres. Lincoln1.Not as experienced but very flexible and adaptable2.Tactful, quiet, patient but firm3.Grew as the war dragged on => learned to influence the Cabinet/people4.Inspired others and gave charity to South after victory => preserve Union5.Respected and loved by all, even South10. Limitations on Wartime Liberties1.Was willing to tear to disobey the Constitution at times when necessary1.If not => no Constitution to later mend2.Better break now than forever lost2.Congress accepted questionable acts due to times of crisis3.Reins completely in Lincoln’s hands1.Set up a blockade2.Increased size of Federal Army3.Advanced $2 million to private citizens for military purposes => suspended privilege of writs of habeas corpus to arrest anti-Unionists4.“Supervised” voting in the Border States1.Citizens march through two lines of armed troops holding out party preference2.Suspended newspapers and arrested editors on grounds of obstructing the war4.Jefferson less able to exercise arbitrary/dictator powers1.Due to states’ righters2.South no obey weak, new “Constitution”3.More willing to lose the war than surrender local rights11. Volunteers and Draftees: North and South1.Union used volunteers => federal conscription laws = 1sttime on nationwide scale2.Poor people more affected than rich1.Rich = hire substitutes to take place2.Pay exemption for $300 => “three-hundred dollar men”3.New York draft riots – Hated conscription in northern Democratic cities
3.More than 90% Union = volunteers, later = bribes of $1,0001.=> “bounty jumpers” = desert and re-enlist to get money (32 times)2.200,000 desertions4.