concept should be defined a definition that assigns meaning to a construct o

Concept should be defined a definition that assigns

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concept should be defined (a definition that assigns meaning to a construct…) o Then develop questions for the survey o Ex: school achievement Defined: standardized tests, GPA, graduation rate, extracurriculars, kind of universities the graduates attend, majors Have to cut back because that’s too many questions, most just ask about level of education (degrees earned)
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If you could add more, it would be GPA & major o Have to defend your operational definition o Ex: Durkheim “Suicide” o Golden question for scientists: Why? o Hypothesis – a tentative statement about empirical reality involving a relationship between two or more concepts Inductive approach: o Start with empirical data o Develop concepts o Come up with theory (middle range theory) o Formal theory Deductive is reverse process Learn these from the book** o Anomalous o Confirmatory o Serendipitous Dependent variable – depends on everything else (ex: standardized test scores) Independent variable – operates on its own Intervening variable – is between some variable and the dependent; an independent variable with this specific role; major focus of study, your “why” (ex: parental involvement) Background/control variable – special role of independent variable, usually have already been tested A caveat – a special type of hypothesis Double Barrel Hypothesis (means 3 things) o Poverty --- crime? No o High concentration of teens ---crime? No o Poverty & high concentration of teens ---crime? Yes Could also add race o
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