do, such as knowingly violating human rights or supporting laws that do the same. He explains that CC takes a company from simply following regulations and involving itself socially for profit, to becoming an actual citizen. He uses the words of Owen D. Young, the CEO of GE in the 1930s, when he says that a company should perform “its duties as a great and good citizen should” (Bainbridge, 2009, para. 3). Bainbridge
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY 3 (2009) additionally quotes Judge Spencer Roane from 1809 who states that if a company acts only in selfish interest and is both detrimental and not promotive of the public good “they have no adequate claim upon the legislature for the privileges” in which they have been bestowed (para. 3). Valor (2005) differentiates CSR and CC by determining which one is more proficient at advancing the social control of companies. Social control is obtained by stakeholders through economic decisions based on perceived corporate social-values. Valor (2005) has determined that CSR, because of its broader nature (e.g. a corporation as a whole), advances social control to a greater degree than the more narrow characterization of CC, which provides for more managerial control that may not focus on social obligations. Sheehan (2013) has yet another take on the differences between CSR and CC explained through the company Hill Holliday. Jack Connors, founder, explains that the company’s CC comes about from getting employees involved and being known as “an employer that gives back” versus the company that gives back (Sheehan, 2013, p. 27). In other words, by making its
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- Summer '14
- Corporate social responsibility, corporate citizenship