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1923 – Ruhr Occupation1919-1923 Germany paid as little in reparations as they possibly couldClaimed they couldn’t pay it even though they couldTreaty said that if Germany could not pay reparations then writers of the treatycould go into Germany and seize their landJanuary 1923 – French, Belgians, and Italians sent troops to the Ruhr (most industrialized are in the world) and said they would hold the area until Germany started paying what they owedGerman government decided not to cooperate and instead tried to make things hard on the troops thereClosed down the factories and paid the workers and owners what they would have madeHad to print a lot of money and created the greatest inflation the world has ever seenJanuary 1923 – $1 = 4.2 MarksNovember 1923 – $1 = 4.2 trillion marks1 trillion % inflationThe people that were devastated by this inflation was the middle class1929 – depression25% of all men were unemployed and utterly unemployableWomen were laid off in hopes of opening up jobs for menHitler tried to seize power in the Munich area and was thrown in jailWrite a book while in jail – Mein Kampf (My Struggle)He intended to conquer all of EuropeWestern Europe for what they did in WWIEastern Europe to make the Slovaks slavesDestroy the Jews1930s – Nazi party was getting more votes than any other political groupJan. 30, 1933 – Hitler became chancellor (prime minister) of Germany
Began to create a totalitarian stateAll labor unions were abolishedOnly Nazi Labor Union remainedYouth were required to join the Hitler YouthLarge numbers of people joined the Nazi partyBelieved it was the way to successCould become a member of the Brown Shirts (SA)Marched around and chantedElite group – Black Shirts (SS)Began as a security group Everyone in Germany got somethingPeasants/farmers got the Blood Soil ProgramPeasants were celebrated as the people that provided food for the future German world powerIt was hard for peasants to lose their landWorkers got the Strength Through Joy programThey could have vacationsStill worked 14-16 hours per dayBuilt military supplies and autobahns (roads)Gestapo – German secret policePioneered new methods to deal with peoplePeople were only arrested in the middle of the nightNo one was told where you were taken Anyone who was homosexual, left wing, caused trouble, etc. was arrested1933 – Pius XI signed a treaty with HitlerHitler would leave Catholic youth groups aloneHe only did so sometimesChristianity was a problem for the Nazis – Jesus was a JewCreated German ChristianityJesus was a German who was put to death by the Jews40% of German Protestants believed itAbout 500,000 Jews in GermanyHitler called upon Germans to boycott Jewish stores1935 – Nuremburg LawsTook citizenship away from JewsForbade inter marriage with GermansTook away civil service jobs (doctors, lawyers, teachers)Fall 1938 – Night of Broken Glass