1923 ruhr occupation 1919 1923 germany paid as little

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1923 – Ruhr Occupation 1919-1923 Germany paid as little in reparations as they possibly could Claimed they couldn’t pay it even though they could Treaty said that if Germany could not pay reparations then writers of the treaty could go into Germany and seize their land January 1923 – French, Belgians, and Italians sent troops to the Ruhr (most industrialized are in the world) and said they would hold the area until Germany started paying what they owed German government decided not to cooperate and instead tried to make things hard on the troops there Closed down the factories and paid the workers and owners what they would have made Had to print a lot of money and created the greatest inflation the world has ever seen January 1923 – $1 = 4.2 Marks November 1923 – $1 = 4.2 trillion marks 1 trillion % inflation The people that were devastated by this inflation was the middle class 1929 – depression 25% of all men were unemployed and utterly unemployable Women were laid off in hopes of opening up jobs for men Hitler tried to seize power in the Munich area and was thrown in jail Write a book while in jail – Mein Kampf (My Struggle) He intended to conquer all of Europe Western Europe for what they did in WWI Eastern Europe to make the Slovaks slaves Destroy the Jews 1930s – Nazi party was getting more votes than any other political group Jan. 30, 1933 – Hitler became chancellor (prime minister) of Germany
Began to create a totalitarian state All labor unions were abolished Only Nazi Labor Union remained Youth were required to join the Hitler Youth Large numbers of people joined the Nazi party Believed it was the way to success Could become a member of the Brown Shirts (SA) Marched around and chanted Elite group – Black Shirts (SS) Began as a security group Everyone in Germany got something Peasants/farmers got the Blood Soil Program Peasants were celebrated as the people that provided food for the future German world power It was hard for peasants to lose their land Workers got the Strength Through Joy program They could have vacations Still worked 14-16 hours per day Built military supplies and autobahns (roads) Gestapo – German secret police Pioneered new methods to deal with people People were only arrested in the middle of the night No one was told where you were taken Anyone who was homosexual, left wing, caused trouble, etc. was arrested 1933 – Pius XI signed a treaty with Hitler Hitler would leave Catholic youth groups alone He only did so sometimes Christianity was a problem for the Nazis – Jesus was a Jew Created German Christianity Jesus was a German who was put to death by the Jews 40% of German Protestants believed it About 500,000 Jews in Germany Hitler called upon Germans to boycott Jewish stores 1935 – Nuremburg Laws Took citizenship away from Jews Forbade inter marriage with Germans Took away civil service jobs (doctors, lawyers, teachers) Fall 1938 – Night of Broken Glass

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