Rule articulated in lemon v kurtzman according to

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Chapter 15 / Exercise 15.50
Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
Keller
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Rule articulated in Lemon v. Kurtzmanaccording to which governmental action in respect to religion is permissible if it is secular in purpose, does not lead to “excessive entanglement” with religion, and neither promotes nor inhibits the practice of religion.Free Exercise Clause – The First Amendment clause that protects a citizen’s right to believe and practice whatever religion he or she chooses.Clear and Present Danger –The criterion formerly used to determine whether speech is protected or unprotected, based on its capacity to present a “clear and present danger” to society.Speech Plus –Speech accompanied by activities such as sit-ins, picketing, and demonstrations. Protection of this form of speech under the First Amendment is conditional, and restrictions imposed by state or local authorities are acceptable if properly balanced by considerations of public order.Prior Restraint –An effort by a government agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way: censorship. In the United States, the courts forbid prior restraint except under the most extraordinary circumstances.Fighting Words –Speech that directly incites damaging conduct.Due Process – Proceeding according to law and with adequate protection for individual rights.Grand Jury –A jury that determines whether sufficient evidence is available to justify a trial. Grand juriesdo not rule on the accused’s guilt or innocence.Double Jeopardy –The Fifth Amendment right providing that a person cannot be tried twice for the samecrime.Right to Privacy –The right to be left alone, which has been interpreted by the Supreme Court to entail individual access to birth control and abortions.
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Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
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Chapter 15 / Exercise 15.50
Statistics for Management and Economics + XLSTAT Bind-in
Keller
Expert Verified
“Separate but Equal” Rule – The doctrine that public accommodations could be segregated by race but still be equal.De Jure Segregation –Racial segregation that is a direct result of law or official policy.De Facto Segregation –Racial segregation that is not a direct result of law or government policy but is, instead, a reflection of residential patterns, income distributions, or other social factors.Intermediate Scrutiny –The test used by the Supreme Court in gender discrimination cases. Intermediate scrutiny places the burden of proof partially on the government and partially on the challengers to show that the law in question is constitutional.Affirmative Action –A policy or program designed to redress historic injustices committed against specific groups by making special efforts to provide members of these groups with access to educational and employment opportunities.Checks and Balances – each branch of the government has agenda and veto power, under a decision that requires all the branches to agree on national policies. The best-known examples are the presidential power to veto legislation passed by Congress; the power of Congress to override the veto by a two-thirds majority vote; the power of Congress to impeach the president; the power of the Senate to

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