Despite several problems and challenges the government with support from

Despite several problems and challenges the

This preview shows page 4 - 7 out of 9 pages.

Despite several problems and challenges, the government with support from foreign agents has been able to maintain macro-economic stability and address budgetary deficits. 6 Nematullah Bizhan, Building legitimacy and state capacity in protracted fragility: The case of Afghanistan (LSE-Oxford Commission, 2018), pp 26. 7 Dobbins, After the Taliban, pp 16. 8 Fishstein and Amiryar, Afghan economic policy, pp 36.
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Surname 5 Notwithstanding the billions of dollars spent and massive global efforts, the social and economic conditions in the country have not improved sufficiently, and the progresses have been narrow. Large chunks of the attainments are fragile, and presently, the nation lacks the power to uphold them against a failing economy and increasing insurgency. Poverty, unemployment, political and economic inequalities are common problems that global sponsors have failed to address adequately. As outlined by various scholars and official discourses, these issues are top priorities of the international front. 9 Bringing freedom and democracy to Afghan alongside socio- economic grown seems an altruistic and strong discourse, which can be favored by the locals; however, priorities and necessities of local Afghanis do not match with this discourse. Prescriptive COIN doctrine has consistently disregarded these needs, and instead sought to adopt ill-fitting policies superficially compliant with strategic and military goals. Owing to this reason, despite the big endeavors in terms of human and economic resources, the input of the sponsors have been inadequate either to vanquish the insurgency or to create a self-sufficient and democratic state structure, which can meet the needs and desires of the locals. While economic improvements are discernible, there have been countless failures in Afghan reconstruction despite global intervention. A notable failure has been the so called “economic-stabilization programs” funded by the US Department of Defense resources from the Commander’s Emergency Response Program (CERP) and executed via the Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs). Created to begin with temporary financial injections, often short- term cash-for-work ventures, the projects were intended to last a few months or weeks, and only to be switched to programs that are more viable. Their aims were to ensure the employment of Afghan males so that financial issues do not force them to join the Taliban and to gain the 9 Vanda Felbab-Brown, "Slip-sliding on a yellow brick road: Stabilization efforts in Afghanistan," Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 1, no. 1 (2012): 4.
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Surname 6 population’s allegiance. 10 Though the American government outlined that the projects created thousands of jobs in the south, most of the ventures have been short-lived and unsustainable such as road building, canal cleaning, small grants, or grain-storage. Typically, they crumple once resources run out, often after several weeks. Little thought has been given to the creation of assured markets and produce generated under the USAID programs do not find markets and rot.
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  • Spring '20
  • The American, International Security Assistance Force, Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

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