Indian SMEs. The finding proved that lack of the information, lack of expertise to guide the implementation, and the attitude related problems are the major barriers for the adoption of GSCM in SMEs. Dashore & Sohani (2008) presents a hierarchical sustainable framework for evaluating the barriers to the implementation of the green supply chain management (GSCM) in an organization. The barriers involved in the implementation of GSCM taken under study were solved in a hierarchical process by means of Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM). The results of this study evident that uncertainty & competition in market and poor organizational culture in GSCM are significant barriers to implement GSCM. In addition, the result show that lack of customer’s awareness towards green pro ducts are placed at an intermediate level. Lastly, the result indicate that lack of top level management commitment, experience and training to
© 2019 IJRAR March 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1 ( E-ISSN 2348-1269, P- ISSN 2349-5138 ) IJRAR19J3879 International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR) 617 personals in GSCM, lack of knowledge, cost of implementation for GSCM, lack of government initiatives system for GSCM practitioners, lack of skilled human resource professionals in sustainability & GSCM and lack of energy management & waste management system are at the top level of the ISM hierarchy. Zhu & Geng (2013) also examined barriers of extended supply chain practices for achieving energy saving and emission reduction among (ESER) Chinese manufacturers. The study used both descriptive and hierarchical analysis by using a total of 299 questionnaires. The finding of this study results indicate that Internal barriers, such as lack of financial gains, resource and capability, are main obstacles for Chinese manufacturers to the implementation green practices. Mathiyazhagan et al.( 2014) identified barriers for GSCM adoption in Indian automotive sector context from the available literature. The important hindering barriers were identified using Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) approach. The finding of this study show that lack of corporate social responsibility , lack of training courses/consultancy and institutions to train, monitor and mentor industry, lack of customer awareness and lack of Inter-departmental co-operation in communication green were mentioned as the major barriers for GSCM implementation respectively. In addition, Faisal (2015) describes the behaviour related to the barriers green supply chain management with respect to pharmaceutical companies in Karachi. This study performed both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The finding of this study revealed that both internal and external are the barriers of green supply chain management implementation.
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