Gutek 2011 found importance in the thoughts

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Gutek (2011) found importance in the thoughts, philosophies, and contributions toeducation of the Enlightenment philosophers including: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, JohannHeinrich Pestalozzi, Thomas Jefferson, and Mary Wollstonecraft. These educational reformistsand philosophers desired and practiced improving humanity through new ideas, reason, andscience. Rousseau saw the importance of a student-centered education and suggested thatstudents learn best through experiences. Pestalozzi recognized that students come from differentwalks of life and that plays a pivotal role in their education. Thomas Jefferson and MaryWollstonecraft believed that education is for all people. Through an education, people couldresponsibly exercise their civic duties. These educational advocated for sensory activities inorder to enhance learning and development, as well as, incorporate an environment that wouldmotivate and build confidence in children (Gutek, 2011). The Enlightenment Era shiftedChristian philosophy and placed the focus on how people should strive to live. Comparison of Medieval Era and Enlightenment EraThere are similarities between the Medieval Era and the Enlightenment Era in terms of education. Key philosophers during the Medieval Era were involved in the Protestant Reformation and used that experience to develop educational institutions. For example, Erasmus
MEDIEVAL AND ENLIGHTENMENT HISTORICAL ERA ANALYSIS6viewed knowledge as a means to a better society. Calvin also desired to educate society through literacy and established schools. The major theme of the Enlightenment Era included reforming the educational structure. Rousseau and Pestalozzi sought to reform education. While Jefferson and Wollstonecraft viewed education viewed education as a means of empowerment and liberation (Gutek, 2011).Differences when comparing the Medieval Era with the Enlightenment Era, include differences in the theology behind the philosophies described in Gutek (2011). Medieval philosophies rely heavily on the support of Christianity, such as Calvin’s desire to use educational literacy as an instrument of salvation. On the contrary, Christianity was not the driving force behind the Enlightenment Era. Philosophers sought science and reasoning for the truths about nature and reality. Truth could be found using science and not the Bible as Calvin suggested (Gutek, 2011). The medieval philosophers saw the importance of indoctrinating students to prepare them for their place in society, while the philosophers of the Enlightenment Era saw the need for liberation. Biblical Worldview AnalysisDuring the Medieval Era, Biblical knowledge was the leading cause of disagreements among reformers. Many believe that the Bible was being neglected as they disagreed with the interpretation by the Roman Catholic Church. Therefore, Thomas Aquinas paved the way by combining the fundamental ideas of Christianity with other philosophies to reform their society.

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