TIP Spend a little more time on your opening paragraph and your conclusion You

Tip spend a little more time on your opening

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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TIP Spend a little more time on your opening paragraph and your conclusion. You want to make a good first and last impression on your reader. NOTE We provide a rubric at the end of this chapter and answer suggestions to help you prepare. Our rubric singles out the various descriptors so you can pinpoint your weaknesses to work on and increase your overall score.
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votes from the party’s mavericks” versus “The Whip must try to convince the recalcitrant members of her party.” Avoiding the use of several words when one will do: “There were a number of factors involved that added to the problem . . .” versus “The four factors most responsible for the problem were . . .” Avoiding hackneyed phrases and clichés such as “The candidate was on cloud nine as she accepted her party’s nomination” versus “The candidate was smiling and waving at the delegates.” Your style adds interest to the paper. Fresh words and phrasing as much as a unique point of view about a subject can make a paper interesting to read. Unity and Coherence Unity is extremely important to ensure that you communicate effectively. Unity is another word for clarity. A unified paper is one that is clearly developed. Each paragraph has a topic sentence, and every sentence in the paragraph relates to every other and adds to the development of the topic sentence. In the same way, each paragraph relates to every other, and every paragraph supports the overall thesis. This means, of course, that you need a thesis to develop. This chapter will help you with developing thesis statements that answer the essay questions. Remember that your thesis statement contains the central argument that you have developed from brainstorming ideas to answer the essay question. As the Harbrace College Handbook, that venerable college English manual, states: “[Your thesis statement] is basically a claim statement; that is, it indicates what you claim to be true, interesting, or valuable about your subject.” Although you can place your thesis statement anywhere in your essay, it is probably safest to put it in the first paragraph, so you can refer to it as you write to be sure that everything you are writing develops and supports it. Putting the thesis first also gets you started writing. Adequate Development What is adequate development? You have a limited time to read and plan and then develop your ideas—neatly. The five-paragraph structure presented earlier will give you a format to work with: a one-paragraph introduction, a three-paragraph middle, and a one-paragraph ending. In the body of the essay, develop only one idea for each paragraph, and be sure to include information from your own experience and reading where relevant. You may need more than three paragraphs in the body of the essay to make your points, but this format provides a framework to begin.
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