CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMppt.pptx

However the clinical benefits of anti chlamydophila

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HOWEVER, THE CLINICAL BENEFITS OF ANTI-CHLAMYDOPHILA DRUG THERAPY HAVE NOT BEEN SUBSTANTIATED. 323
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THE FOLLOWING IS A SUMMARY OF THESE OBSERVATIONS:- C. PNEUMONIAE MAY BE TRANSPORTED FROM THE RESPIRATORY TRACT TO THE VASCULAR WALL BY CIRCULATING MONOCYTES. C. PNEUMONIAE FACILITATES ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN CERTAIN ANIMAL MODELS. C. PNEUMONIAE HAS BEEN FOUND IN HUMAN ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES IN AUTOPSY AND ATHERECTOMY SPECIMENS. 324
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"W-3 FATTY ACIDS DECREASE THE INCIDENCE OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE BY REDUCING THE SERUM TRIGLYCERIDE LEVEL.“ THE EFFECT OF W-3 FATTY ACIDS ON SERUM TRIGLYCERIDE IS THEIR MAIN ACTION AND IT HELPS IN REDUCING THE INCIDENCE OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE. 326
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W-3FATTY ACIDS DO NOT HAVE ANY CONSISTENT EFFECT ON TOTAL CHOLESTEROL AND LDL CHOLESTEROL. MOST OF THE TRIALS HAVE REPORTED THAT W-3 FATTY ACIDS:- DECREASE TOTAL CHOLESTEROL LEVEL. INCREASED LDL CHOLESTEROL. INCREASE HDL CHOLESTEROL. DECREASE TRIGLYCERIDES. ALSO KNOW OMEGA -3 FATTY ACIDS ALSO HAVE ANTITHROMBOTIC AND ANTI -ARRYHTHMOGENIC EFFECT. 327
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328 C
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329
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330
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CAUSES OF SECONDARY DYSLIPIDEMIA:- TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS EXCESSIVE ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION CHOLESTATIC LIVER DISEASES NEPHROTIC SYNDROME CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE HYPOTHYRODISM CIGARETTE SMOKING OBESITY DRUGS SOME MEDICATIONS, INCLUDING THIAZIDE DIURETICS, BETA BLOCKERS AND ORAL ESTROGENS. 331
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332 B
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DIAGNOSIS M.I. (SERUM CARDIAC MARKERS) AND E. C. G 333
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334
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DIAGNOSIS M.I. (SERUM CARDIAC MARKERS) AND E. C. G 336 C
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IF THE CARDIAC ENZYMES WHICH ARE DETECTABLE FOR SHORT PERIODS REMAIN ELEVATED FOR 4 DAYS, IT SUGGESTS THE POSSIBILITY OF REINFARCTION. 338
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TROPONINS ARE THE PREFERRED SERUM CARDIAC MARKERS FOR DIAGNOSIS OF M.I. WHEN CARDIAC TROPONIN IS AVAILABLE CK-MB SHOULD NOT BE USED FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. 339
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340 C
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THE ENZYMES ARE RELEASED FROM THE CELLS WHEN NECROSIS OR CELL DEATH OCCURS. NECROTIC CELLS RELEASE THEIR CYSTOPLASMIC CONTENTS IN THE BLOOD. IN STABLE ANGINA, NECROSIS OF THE CELL DOES NOT OCCUR SO THERE IS NO ELEVATION OF SERUM ENZYMES. NOTE THAT ANGINA IS OF TWO TYPES AND INFARCTION IS ALSO OF TWO TYPES: 342
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  • Winter '16
  • jean grey
  • Cardiology, Ans., Constrictive pericarditis

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