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Reduced role of chorusoRecognizable settings and charactersoDomestic situations
oStock characters: flat representation of a stereotype of a person oLuck and faith oPeevish man, fisherman, grouch, slave, soldier oTv sitcoms is the legacy of new comedy Farce oExtreme physical humoreAction over thoughtoCalled "slapstick" oThree stoogesSatire oThought over actionoExtreme intellectual humoroRidicule/mockery to criticize hypocrisy and expose vice oFueled my moral outrageoIs from old comedy oSNL and Jon Stewart's Daily Show Tools of comedy oSurprise oExaggerationoViolenceoIncongruity -children swearing oMistaken identity- switching gender rolesoScatology: fart jokes, farting, bodily functionsoRepetition (triple) rhythm of jokeSetup-preparation phase Feed- builds anticipationPunchline-payoff LysistrataoPersuades women to go sex strike to stop Peloponnesian war oMen try to burn women down and they stop it with wateroWomen dressed magistrate (there to collect money for war) up in their clothes oLysistrata appears with her naked maid named peace oLysistrata gives the women back to their men 10.2Musical Only truly original form of American theatreBook musical: oBook=libretto(Script)oMusic +lyrics=score Music is one of Aristotle's 6 parts of a playSongs advance the plot and develop character Antecedents to musical Closely related to opera (means work in Italian) and operttaoEvery part of performance is sungoHeavy serious dramatic subjects like tragedyOpertta: light operas
oShorter oSpoken dialogue and singing oRomantic/light stories with fantasy oAmuse Variety (Saloons), vaudeville, minstrel: comprised of a series of acts for entertainmentMelodrama: means song playoUnderscores emotional landscape of dramaoOnly instrumental music 1866: The black crook: the first musical (melodrama) A Parisian ballet town was in NY at the same time that black crook was supposed to perform but the theatre they were supposed to perform at burned downSo the ballet town performed with the black crook play and this gave birth to the American music oCrook in the title means crooked backoBlack means evil as in black magic In Dahomy (1903) oFirst full length musical written at performed at a Broadway theatre written by a group of African Americans oStory of African Americans who find a pot of gold and move to Africa to become rulersoUsed ragtime- popular dance Distinguishes the book musical from other forms like opera and operetta Show boat (1927) Jerome kern (music) and Oscar Hammerstein II (lyrics and book) oFirmly established theatrical form of American musicaloBased off of edna furber's famous noveloDock workers on a Mississippi show boat oJulie= mulatto and married to a white man. She has light skin but was still considered completely black because she had at least 1 black ancestor omiscegenation: mixing of races was against the wall o