previous reforms such as the one in 1982 in a country implementing policies in
22 recent years for energy security and encourage the production of biofuels like palm oil and Jatropha. 3.3.2 Data Collection A considerable amount of the data relies upon several reports, studies, videos and articles about both cases. These studies and reports highlight the role of stakeholders but specially the impacts showing those findings around the issues I want to tackle. By having these findings as empirical evidence, the task is to identify and compare the role of actors and the approaches in both cases. The literature mainly encompasses the writings of David Harvey and Phillip McMichael, as well as others that complement the analysis in the theoretical part including the research done by experts such as Lorenzo Cotula, Olivier De Schutter and Saturnino Borras, especially on land grabbing and the neoliberal paradigm nexus. 3.3.3 Discussion of Material Collected: The qualitative evidence presented in the study is based on sources, the question remains on how reliable and un-biased these are, for this reason is noteworthy to discuss such issues. The GVP case reports by Franklin Chamda Ngassa relies largely upon empirical studies that investigate the nexus between biofuels, sustainable rural development and peace, which is supported by facts gathered during an internship at the Gota Verde Project in Yoro, Honduras. In a small-scale report, Chamda comprises those results, by using EC-Assess, the Earth Charter ethics-based assessment tool, to assess the sustainability of this project. The EC-Assessment methodology calls for qualitative interviews and surveys with Jatropha farmers and local inhabitants to assess how important each principle is to the project, thus providing an accurate view on the impacts of the GVP. Among other supplementary works are the one from Puente-Rodriguez (2009) who explores how GVP strengthen local sustainable development but from a biotechnology stand-point. The data from the land grabbing in Honduras is taken firstly, by DanChurchAid (2011). This organization is rooted in the Danish National Evangelical Lutheran Church, but is active in many projects regardless of religion, gender, political beliefs, and race, national or ethnic origins. The focus of their report is land grabbing in Honduras, and it is based on experience from many years of development work in the country through local partners. The report documents how affected communities have lost their livelihoods because of land grabbing by national and international business corporations. A second source was Cordaid and several organizations from the EU began working on the theme of small producers and energy crops in 2008. This work sought to promote integration of small producers into value chains. The report tries to relate the production models to certain consequences for land use and land
23 rights on the local experiences of smallholders in different areas. The report was
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