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15Select the TRUE statement about the outline below. Introduction + thesis statementGeographic range of black bearsDiet of black bearsAppearance of black bearsGeographic range of brown bearsDiet of brown bearsAppearance of brown bearsConclusionThe writer is planning to convince readers that black bears are superior to brown bears. The outline is organized using the point-by-point method.The writer has not presented enough points of comparison/contrast in this outline. The writer has organized the content using the block method. RATIONALEThis outline is, in fact written in the block method. We can tell because the outline addressesall of the points for one subject before discussing the second subject. In the point-by-point
method, the main points of the body paragraphs alternate in sequence between subjects. This outline includes six body paragraphs, so there are sufficient points of comparison/contrast. Since this essay is informative, the outline does not demonstrate that one subject is superior to the other.16Which of these is NOT a goal of brainstorming?to find a manageable and focused topicto generate ideas for a piece of writingto find evidence to support the essay's claimsto clarify thinking about a particular topicRATIONALESince brainstorming occurs at the very beginning of the writing process, the goals of brainstorming techniques include finding a manageable and focused topic, clarifying your thinking about a certain topic, and generating ideas for a piece of writing. Finding evidence to support the essay's claims occurs as part of the researching stage.17In addition to asking questions, a writer can think about __________ to narrow a working thesis statement.who the unintended audience may beother related topicsthe goal of the essaytypes of sources that may be availableRATIONALEThinking about the goal of a piece of writing can help a writer down a thesis because the thesis should directly support the essay's purpose. Thinking about what other related topics exist, who the unintended audience might be, and what types of sources might be available can be useful brainstorming exercise, but they are not related to narrowing down the thesis.18For a two- to three-page informative essay, which topic is neither too narrow nor too broad, but is appropriate?The biosphere of the ArcticLast year's polar bear population countSurvey of complete animal populations in the ArcticLand predators of the ArcticRATIONALETopics that are too broad, such as a "survey of complete animal populations in the Arctic" and "the biosphere of the Arctic," encompass more information than can be addressed in a short essay. Additionally, topics that are too broad often lack focus, which reduces the clarityof the thesis.