peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection. 4. Virgin & Child (Morgan Madonna). Freestanding relic made of wood. Plate like ladder folds of drapery , strong and linear (presentation over naturalism). Mary holding Christ in her lap: throne of wisdom . 5. Sant’Ambrogio, Milan, Italy. Lombard bands vaulting: small arches that originated here. It housed askeleton in a crypt/sarcophagus. It has private chapels for rich families. No transepts. How is it Romanesque? 1. Hildegard receives her visions. Wrote two different books: one on the natural world and a medical encyclopedia. The educated people were monks and nuns, monasteries were very popular. She is transcribing the words of god. Scivias: know the way of god. Who was Hildegard? Vision of God comes down to her in what form? Dramatic event, shows how individual scribes copied and recopied texts by hand. Illuminated manuscript. Rainer of Huy, Baptism of Christ, Baptismal Font. Bronze. Number symbolism: 12 oxen . People were looking back to the way romans portrayed features, chose not to make them naturalistic. What does it mean? 2 meanings. Christ is nude, unusual. 2. Cathedral Complex, Pisa, Italy. The center for medieval art. Five-nave cathedral, different influences. It has a church/basilica, baptistery, and the leaning bell tower (Camamela). Made of marble, arches everywhere (Romanesque) and columns. 3. Wiligelmo, Creation and Temptation of Adam & Eve. What does it depict? Scenes from genesis. Roman influences of arches and sarcophagi. Mandorla. 4. King David: Benedetto Antelami (first architect to start doing life size monumental sculptures). Right underneath the last judgment. Completely in the round in a niche in the wall (for worship). Marble, to be preserved. Attempt to show classical contra Pasto, deep cuts and drapery. Archangel, the messenger of god is on the right (goat with wings). Evil is on the left, serpent. Weight shift is absent. Trying to copy Roman art. Figure is freed from the architecture. 5. St. Etienne, Caen, France. Sexpartite vault: divided into six parts.
Bayeux Tapestry. Secular artwork depicted the battle of Hastings (a contemporary event that happened in the present day). Divided into 13 different sections, about three different kings, in 50 different scenes (separated by trees). Embroidery. Normandy defeated the Anglo Saxons, proud. Commissioned by Bishop Odo. Functions as propaganda. Major political document. It is a unique work in Romanesque art because it depicts a contemporaneous event in full detail at a time shortly after the even took place. Tripartite organization. 6. Master Hugo, Moses Expounding the Law. Illuminated manuscript. Moses (had horns, miss interpretation in the bible) and Aaron are proclaiming the law to the Israelites. Drapery, patterned clothing, colorful. Showing the people the clean and unclean animals to eat. T eaching pose.
- Spring '08
- Chartres cathedral, Romanesque art, St. Matthew