previously. The colonists used to be able to do as they please. This now comes to an end. The relationship as citizens looks very different than before the way. •The Proclamation of 1763 - Colonists are not allowed to settle over the apalacian land. Most colonists thought they were fighting that war to get that land. Now they tell them they cant have it. •The Quartering Act of 1765 - Get land back and preserve peace, we cant keep telling people to pay taxes. Colonists are responsible for paying. Very unpopular with colonists. Dangerous. •The Quebec Act of 1774 - colonists are given exact same rights as catholics. WHATT?? They should not be treated as our equals. Causes trouble. •Colonization Taxation - British gov decides that the colonist need to pay off debts. Impose a series of taxes on things like print material, tea, butter, sugar. Things that people consume. This culture becomes more expensive What do they do??? TAXATION AND COLONIAL AUTHORITY •The Tradition of “English Liberty” - British king is not an absolute monarch. allows british to argue that taxation is not of the will of the monarch, but of the will of the people. Long standing tradition where parliament can be pressured in certain ways. Parliament is •The Ideas of the European Enlightenment - people of the colonies argue is it rational that a little island rules colonies. Is it rational that they are telling us how to distribute land. Is it rational that they get to tax us? And we get no say? Is it rational that they get to bring their armies in and take over what was our responsibilities. Produce argument: That parliament has overstepped bounds. Colonists respond in a negative fashion. Fact of the matter: 13 different colonies, 13 different blah blah, how do you get them to all buy into these ideas???? •John Adams (1818)
-“The colonies had grown up under constitutions of government so different, there was so great a variety of religions,….” -Saying how do we pull this off? How do we unite 13 colonies to unite and rebel against an empire?? -Most historiams argue that the answer is they imagine themselves as a single community from maine all the way to georgia, simply because of shared interests. How do we make this leap?? How do you build that unity? Most historians agree that its done through protests •Colonial Protests: -Contest over Taxation -Committees of Correspondence - write to each other and tell each other whats going on in their communites. How they are experiencing british rule. -They organize consumer boycotts - against products that the bristish are taxing (like sugar, tea) By chosing not to purchase these things, they are hurting british who have people participating in parliament. -Riots -Larger community allied against british crown -TEAPOT: No Stamp Act. Saying I do not support the taxes that parliament is passing. Have this message on the teapot. Cause people to make a decision. Loyal to the state or choose to agree with the taxes that parliament is passing?