Symptoms of low calcium are associated with tetany a condition characterized by

Symptoms of low calcium are associated with tetany a

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Symptoms of low calcium are associated with tetany, a condition characterized by muscle spasms, hyperreflexia, clonic-tonic convulsions, and laryngeal spasms. It does not cause anorexia, nausea, or vomiting.REF:p. 45825.When a patient wants to know what most commonly causes hypoparathyroidism, how should thenurse reply? It is most commonly caused by:a.Pituitary hyposecretion
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b.Parathyroid adenomac.Parathyroid gland injuryd.Hypothalamic inactivityANS:CHypoparathyroidism is most commonly caused by damage to the parathyroid glands.Hypoparathyroidism is most commonly caused by damage to the parathyroid glands, not pituitary hyposecretion.Hypoparathyroidism is most commonly caused by damage to the parathyroid glands, not parathyroid adenoma.Hypoparathyroidism is most commonly caused by damage to the parathyroid glands, not inactivity of the hypothalamus.REF:p. 45826.A 25-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting changes in facial features. CTscan reveals a mass on the anterior pituitary, and lab tests reveal severely elevated growth hormone (GH). Which of the following would the nurse also expect to find?In addition to elevated levels of GH, sexual dysfunction in men can occur.In addition to elevated levels of GH, sexual dysfunction in men can occur, and IGF-1 increases.In addition to elevated levels of GH, sexual dysfunction in men can occur, not hypotension.
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In addition to elevated levels of GH, sexual dysfunction in men can occur, and overgrowth of bone occurs but not an increase in height.REF:p. 45227.A 30-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting visual disturbances. CT reveals a pituitary tumor and lab tests reveal elevated prolactin. He is diagnosed with prolactinoma. Which of the following treatments would the nurse help implement? Administering:Dopaminergic agonists (bromocriptine and cabergoline) are the treatment of choice for prolactinomas.Calcium is used to treat parathyroid disease.Insulin is used to treat diabetes.Radiation is used to treat GH.REF:p. 45328.A 12-year-old female is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. When the parents ask what causes this, what is the nurse’s best response?
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The most common cause of type 1 DM is a slowly progressive autoimmune T cell-mediated disease that destroys the beta cells of the pancreas.The most common cause of type 1 DM is a slowly progressive autoimmune T cell-mediated disease that destroys the beta cells of the pancreas; it is not due to a gene defect.
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