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Deductive reasoning is observing a set of characteristics that may be reasoned from a convergence of physical and behavioral actions (Turvey, 2001). Jean Watson’s Philosophy developed Caring Model in1979 in an attempt to define the actions of nursing activity through humanistic aspects of life. Watson’s theory uses deductive reasoning by providing a framework for decision-making. Her grand theory provides an abstract structure from her Caring Model and proposes outcomes based on use and application of the model. Jean Watson’s theory suggests theconsideration of nursing as both a science and an art, and caring as a key factor in the human phenomena of nursing. Watson emphasized the importance of describing nursing in terms of nurse-patient relationships rather than on procedures and tasks. Major concepts of the theoryAccording to Watson, the major elements of her theory are (a) the carative factors, (b) thetranspersonal caring relationship, and (c) the caring occasion/caring moment. Watson views the “carative factors” as a guide for the core of nursing. She uses the term carative to contrast with conventional medicine’s curative factors. Her carative factors attempt to “honor the human dimensions of nursing’s work and the inner life world and subjective experiences of the people we serve” (Cara, 2003). Watson’s concept incorporates philosophical acknowledgement into holistic care and mystical aspects of nursing. She factor in the emotional, spiritual, body, mind nurturing as a whole. Watson's Theory of Human Caring provides a philosophical and theoreticalfoundation for nursing science, practice, and education. Human caring is in fact a worldview thatencompasses a way of being awake to oneself and others, being intentional in one's life and work, being genuinely present for self and other, and embracing the caring–healing
LIVING LEGEND THEORIST: JEAN WATSON6transformational process (Kim, 2006). Explicit values of the theoryWatson’s theory defines nursing as a distinct health profession. It makes explicit nursing’svalues, knowledge, and practice. The caring science that created by Watson was expanded by the philosophical and transpersonal as the core for the framework. This creates a more explicit context based on the broader context of ethics. Watson links her “human care process” concepts by the relational proposition that states “transpersonal caring is the full actualization of the carative factors in a human-to-human transaction” (Sourial, 1996). She also argues that if an inter-subjective flow between two people can be established, “the recipient is better able to have a release of some of the disharmony of the mind, body, and soul. Therefore, they can be freer to direct pent up energy to his or her own healing process” (Sourial, 1996).The relationships (propositions) among the major concepts.