O exposure therapy or systematc desensitzaton

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oExposure therapy or systematic desensitization encourages people to face their fears head-on.oUse of biofeedback is increasing.Other DisordersObsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)Repeated and unwanted thoughts (obsessions) that lead to rituals (compulsions) in an attempt to control anxiety.oObsessions tend to be overblown or unrealistic worries.oRituals provide brief relief from anxiety but can end up controlling the individual’s life.Checking or touching things, hoarding, or counting can disrupt normal living.oApproximately 2.2 million men and women in the U.S. suffer from OCD.Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Recurrent fear, anger, and depression occurring after a traumatic event.oPrecipitators include war, child abuse, natural disasters, auto accidents, and being the victim of a violent crime.oPersons with PTSD often startle easily, feel numb emotionally, can become irritable or violent, relive trauma in flashbacks or dreams, or avoid certain places or experiences.Attention DisordersA category of mental disorders characterized by problems with mental focus.oAdditional problems may include forming social connections and durable friendships.oAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized by inattention, hyperactive behavior, fidgeting, and a tendency toward impulsive behaviors.5.8% of college students have ADHD.oBoys are twice as likely as girls to be diagnosed.oMajority of diagnosis are in children from teacher complaints.Attention Disorders: TreatmentBehavioral and cognitive therapies.Prescription medications:oADHD is often treated with amphetamines (Ritalin) or amphetamine/dextroamphetamine (Adderall).oThese stimulants have the opposite effect on people with ADHD.SchizophreniaA severe mental disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and other aspects of psychosis.About 1% of adults in the U.S. are affected.oUsually diagnosed in late teens to early 30’s.To manage symptoms, medications may be used.
Many people recover with medication management and go on to lead independent and satisfying lives.Primary symptoms include:oDelusionsoHallucinationsoThought disordersoMovement disordersoReduction in professional and social functioningoInappropriate emotionsMen are likely to show symptoms in their late teens/early 20’s. and women about a decade later.oBoth sexes and all ethnic groups are equally affected.Self-Injury and SuicideNon-Suicidal Self -InjuryOccurs in the form of intentional, self-inflicted cuts, burns, bruises, or other injuries, without suicidal intent.oOften performed in an effort to deal with negative or overwhelming feelings.Moments of calm after self-injury are often followed by moments of guilt and shame.

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