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Final Exam Study Guide

The awareness of these issues led to plumbing

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The awareness of these issues led to plumbing, transportation, health care and education. These two revolutions lead to the third revolution which is a global revolution. The start of changes in England sparked the whole world to want to change creating a global effect and thus changed occurring everywhere you looked. Overall these revolutions cause some of the most dramatic changes in the socio-economic world that have been seen in history. This sparked the changes occurring all over the world
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which caused a domino effect. If you do not understand the importance of any of these events you will not understand how the world which we live in today came to be. II) V. Toward a New World Order : What significant new ideologies arose in the wake of the political and economic revolutions of the late 18 th and 19 th centuries? How did these new ideologies challenge the global status quo? In the late 18 th and the 19 th centuries new ideologies began to come about and they started to change the way in which people looked at the world, daily life and political views. There were four ideologies that came out of this time and they all were extremely different in their opinions. These new ideologies are conservatism, liberalism, nationalism, and socialism. Conservatism was the party of the church; they were afraid of revolutions and many were completely against change. Some of them accepted some change but they had to be conservative. These people were very big on tradition. Though many knew that some change was inevitable but they wanted it to be slow and gradual not radical like some of the other ideologies felt. Then there was liberalism, this ideological group was focused on the rights of the individual, meaning men not women and only Europeans. They thought absolute monarchies were bad and they wished to have a constitutional system, limiting the rights of laws and the government. They also wanted economic rights, laissez faire, and the people got to chose what they would produce and sell. They wanted to impose monopolies and tariffs and due to this ideal the East India Company fell in the early 1800s. The next ideology is nationalism; this group was very passionate about the national identity. They wanted to destroy empires create new states and their own governing systems. They wanted world peace and they thought this would get them closer to that peace. The last ideology is socialism was focused on the social economic class. They accepted change opposed kings and did not get along with the upper class. This ideology was greatly influenced by Marx and Engles they powered this movement. In the end all of these ideologies brought about some conflict or change. The groups never agreed and were constantly arguing. During the time of revolutions there was no status quo because everyone seemed to want completely different things. These ideologies basically tore up the world and divided it causing constant conflict.
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