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DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation a patrilineal descent group

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Your Answer: Explanation A patrilineal descent group, such as the Greek phratry or the Roman gens, thus includes a person's father, father's father, father's father's father, and so on. Question 23 of 40 Patterns of association is basically the observation of who interacts with whom and in what ways. Typically in Western society, people interact with people of the same class in an informal, friendly manner. Your Answer: Explanation Likewise, people interact with people of a differential class in a more awkward and thus, more structured, socially prescribed way. For example, the interactions between a corporate executive and a janitor in the same building.
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Question 24 of 40 Most cultures have some kind of non-kin based systems in addition to kin groups, usually called institutions or network of agreements. Your Answer: Question 25 of 40 Membership by Age is a linguistic term to classify people according to Age or position in life cycle. Most cultures have this feature. E.g. teenagers, Generation X, Senior citizens. Your Answer: Explanation It represents a stage recognized by culture and implies clear roles with rights and obligations. People pass from one grade to another via important rituals like Rites of Passage. Question 26 of 40 Status is a set of rights and obligations that are inherent in social position. Your Answer: Explanation On the other hand, a contract is a set of rights and obligations assumed voluntarily by parties to the agreement or a principle for creating a bond between two or more roles, with overtly stated obligations and rights. Question 27 of 40 A Free Contract involves a casual-minimal relationship, often short term in nature. Your Answer: Explanation This is in contrast to a Social Contract--a public contract where people agree to band together for some purpose--often highly structured. Question 28 of 40 The state is a formal organization of roles in which legal and military authority is vested and in which authority is considered by its members to be its primary function. Your Answer: Explanation The state is a special group charged with allocating authority to use physical force to achieve peace and conformance with law and custom and to maintain territorial integrity against external threats.
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Question 29 of 40 To understand politics , one must be aware of the territorial extent and organization of the society and how space is divided in terms of allocation of force. Your Answer: Explanation Also essential is knowledge of the social system through which force is allocated to and by different individuals playing different roles and how that system is viewed by those living in it. Question 30 of 40 A social class is a category of individuals who enjoy equal or nearly equal prestige according to the evaluation system.
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