The Third Republic is the system of government adopted in 1870 and the ruling

The third republic is the system of government

This preview shows page 14 - 17 out of 35 pages.

The Third Republic is the system of government adopted in 1870 and the ruling government under which Maupassant wrote Le Gueux and La Parure . Its motto, « Liberté, égalité, fraternité », is one that is often recognized today. The major divisions of The Third Republic include the republicans and the monarchists. The republicans, the majority of them in the middle class, supported moderate social and political changes to establish the Third Republic apart from the Church. The monarchists were closely associated with the French Catholic Church, particularly their clergy and bishops, and many of the monarchists’ hierarchy were from noble families. Still, the typical French citizen was a French farmer. With that, Maupassant situates La Parure in a relatively higher social class and Le Gueux in a lower social class compared to the average French person, assisting his readers to understand life and society from a different viewpoint.
Image of page 14
Kuhn 13 METHODOLOGY My first step was reading La Parure and Le Gueux , the primary texts, using close text analysis to study the literary devices Maupassant uses as well as to determine pessimistic attributes. Through close text analysis, I dissected the text, analyzing small portions and using them to build upon my analysis of the story. I searched for patterns in lexicon, syntax, structure, repetition, rhetorical devices, and intrinsic and extrinsic meanings, among others. I also determined which of these literary structures was pessimistic by analyzing ones that demonstrated patterns of hopelessness, helplessness, or general negativity. Although I analyzed the primary sources for this project in their original French language, I included some translated English words or phrasing in my writing to clearly demonstrate the original meaning of the text. I used novelistic analysis to understand and study the purpose and meaning behind frequent images, scenes, and repetitions in each of Maupassant’s stories and how they relate to the narrative. I used novelistic analysis to determine and analyze where and how Maupassant develops class criticism by looking for and analyzing any distinctions or descriptions Maupassant makes of social classes in the big picture of the narrative. This evidence was used to establish that the two texts separately supply class criticism. I then looked for any links between pessimism and class criticism to confirm or refute my hypothesis. I used intertextuality to relate, find patterns, and discover contrasting and similar elements in both of Maupassant’s short stories. The ability to analyze both stories together help s me to establish Maupassant’s pessimism in both stories. I also looked for correlational links between Maupassant’s pessimism and his class critiques. To do so, I
Image of page 15
Kuhn 14 looked for displays of pessimism and class criticism throughout both stories to study their relationship.
Image of page 16
Image of page 17

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 35 pages?

  • Fall '18
  • rommel
  • The Necklace, Laure de Maupassant

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes