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DSST World Religion Notes

To 6 th centurys when china was in political turmoil

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to 6 th century’s when China was in political turmoil, due to rationalist, aesthetic and iconoclastic changes Chang Ling – founded the institutional Taoist sect Heavenly Masters , after claiming Lao-tzu appeared to him in a cave in 142 and made him the Heavenly Master Classic of the Great Peace – considered most important text of religious Taoism after Tao-te ching, offers doctrine of salvation, looking forward to epoch where a divine man will restore world peace Taoist canon – over 1,000 volumes organized according to the Three Caverns (term cavern is used because the text was discovered by hermits in caves) Chinese upper classes read Tao-te Ching and other Taoism, but regard the religion only fit for the ignorant, is popular among common people in the 21 st century Taoist religion helped further the field of scientific experimentation, for its alchemical experiments to create a elixir of immortality Ch’i-kung – meditation and breathing exercises in hope of connecting their bodies with the gods, ridding of evil toxins, considered alchemy – a cleansing of the physical body Taoist sect Heavenly Masters and Perfect Truth sect – survive today. Strongest in China and Korea Perfect Truth Taoism has greatest Buddhist influence, noted for its fasting and devoted pursuit of inner alchemy and meditation Sacred – experienced through fear or awe one feels in presence of spirit or god, first awakening, a prerequisite to religion Mana – a mysterious invisible force that causes nature to act as it does. Bishop Codrington – believed Mana was humankind’s original impetus to adopt religion Taoism What did chang tzu do? it describes the mystical aspects of Taoism--the transcendence of the distinctions between one’s self and the universe What do ancient Toaism people do to become immortal ? reciting certain texts often enough or; Both the Taiping Jing ("Scripture on Great Peace") and the Baopuzi ("Book of the Master Who Keeps to Simplicity") contain early alchemical formulas that early Taoists believed could lead to immortality. PU - the uncarved block concept; It represents a passive state of receptiveness tao- means “way” or “path” Wu-wei - central concept; revealing the soft and invisible power within all things; "non-action". sacred kingship - religious and political concept by which a ruler is seen as an incarnation, manifestation, mediator, or agent of the sacred or holy (the transcendent or supernatural realm). Lao-Tze – founder; is based on the teachings of the Tao Te Ching , That Paul Tillich termed the essence of religions attitudes the Ultimate Concern; "method of correlation"; Systematic Theology
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Misc. Paul Tillich (Christian Theologian) defined religion as that which is “ultimate concern” whatever was most important to them, family, country, job anything an individual is willing to place first above all Paul Tillich – “method of correlation” – a way to establish a connection between Christian revelation and the
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