PLCP 3410 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE PART I

They will not necessarily succumb to them they have

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they will not necessarily succumb to them – they have been able to concentrate power into an increasing minority. They maintain extensive intelligence and military institutions designed to preserve internal order as much as make foreign war
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1982 Syrian action against the Islamist uprising in Hama Saddam Husseins’ repression of Shi’ite revolts in 1991 o They are also smart enough to know their limits usually: Egyptian government avoids tampering with the social safety net, wanting to maintain the illusion at least they are committed to social welfare o Another reason Islamists are not fated to succeed is that many worry the ‘cure’ is worse than the ‘disease’ of authoritarianism: Secularists, women’s rights advocates, religious minorities, liberals. Gelvin notes the 1982 Hama uprising, how populations outside Hama were quiet despite Islamists in Damascus and Aleppo trying to cultivate revolts. Groups who may have been marginalized by earlier regimes, and are currently supported by the current Authoritarian regime (Syrian peasantry0 o Failure of the movements: Islamists demonstrate a willingness to behave with the same ineptitude and bloodlust as the government. Algerian Civil war of the 1990s – the Armed Islamic group (GIA) emerged to fight the government, then anyone affiliated with the government, then foreigners, then Algerians who weren’t supporting them. Native Jordanian Islamists demonstrated piety and political acumen don’t necessarily coincide They won thirty four out of eighty seats in the Jordanian parliament in 1989, and were appointed to five cabinet posts (eduation, social development, justicem, religious affairs, health) As soon as they took power, they tried to apply “Islamic” measures like banning alcohol or fathers watching their daughters in Athletic meets. It wasn’t that the Prime minister or king didn’t expect it – the next election the Islamists lost a third of their seats.
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Basic point: Islamists have to engage in petty politics and mundane, day to day tasks of governance that wear away at their idealism. They also become complicit in state’s failures. o Muslim Brotherhood’s tempering of their Islamist ideals is a great point of being wise to that problem. Religious- political groups often assume their elections are a mandate of their dogma, rather than for example goodwill from their public institutions (like the aforementioned Hezbollah/ hamas having pre-school education or Ambulances) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------- Chapter 19: The Iranian Revolution Iranian Revolution overthrew the Pahlavi Dynasty (1926-1979) Two shahs of the Pahlavi Dynasty were Reza Shah and his son Muhammad Reza Shah. Reza Shah fell to power because he sided with the Nazis in WW2 turning off the allied powers. He also applied violent repression towards his people.
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  • Spring '13
  • QUANDT
  • The Republic, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty, Islamists

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