17. 1995-1996 Taiwan Straits Crisis – from Schoppa, chap. 21 and Hughes - June 1995, Lee Teng-hui went back to Cornell for a reunion (however, the PRC had an implicit agreement with the US not to allow ROC members to visit the US). In Dec. 1995, PRC sets off missile tests which was followed by a US response of two carrier fleets. Beijing used these tactics to prevent a pro-independence Lee from being elected (however he was still elected). This was the largest US naval force since the Vietnam War. This crisis helps demonstrate the tensions b/tw the PRC and ROC over sovereignty and political moves. Lecture 11/01 : relations b/tw Taiwan and the PRC deterioriated when the PRC adopted an anti- secession law (allows the PRC to use force if negotiations break down, etc). However, relations have improved since then. 18. floating population – Refers to the migrant population of China, which is estimated to be 210-300 million rural workers. Most were born after 1980s and refers to those who live in a different area from the place of their household registration measured by the Hukou System. Many flock to cities for better opportunities, particularly the younger generation who also bring their children along. Such are the women interviewed in Factory Girls who live in the city but households are in the villages. Many young people are migrants because this is a form of social mobilization unheard of during the Maoist era (they also don’t have to participate in politics and often move on rather than protest for backwages, etc) Factory Girls – Min’s money changes the dynamics in the family structure – she is now kinda like the matriarch and can make decisions for the family such as allowing for her younger siblings to attend school. Migrant workers do not seem to be a threat to the party since they are hard to unite and organize. Girls are not forced into bad conditions – they have the ability to organize and get better wages, or, more often than not, just leave the factory. Societal focus is very individualized – Chunming wants IT training, to learn English, and to learn vocational skills. On average factory girls are happy, but they have low expectations of what will happen. Chen Village, chap. 13 and 14 - 19. Liu Xiaobo – Lecture 11/17 - received the Nobel Peace Prize this past year for his dissonance against the Chinese govt. Originally, he is an academic and tried moderating the students during the 1989 Tienanmen Square incident. He believes that Taiwan and China should reunify.
Charter 8 - declaration in 2008 that socialist movements have to protect human rights instead of approving them. Declared that China has many laws, but no rule of law. Although intellectuals know who he is (mixed feelings on him), he has a low profile among regular citizens.
- Summer '19
- Government, People's Republic of China, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao