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a tool for all hospitalized patients in the United States. This scale is entered into the health recordand given a score to see if the patient is at risk for skin breakdown. Once this score is evaluated,it will trickle a domino effect. Pulling the trends of how many patients develop hospital-acquiredpressure injuries (HAPI) and implement changes to prevent new occurrences. New changes candecrease medical costs and increase patient satisfaction while delivering patient-centered care.Another way that quality improvement data can lead to measurable improvements inhealth care is by pulling the trends in ventilator patients that develop pneumonia postoperativelywith open heart patients and implement changes to prevent occurrences. The data can be used toimplement turning the patient every two hours and or placing the patient 45 degrees in the bed toassist in preventing these events from happening. Patient outcomes are a priority for anyhealthcare facility. Tracking the occurrence that has a trend is a concern that leads to events thatshould never happen; it allows the facility an opportunity to use the information system to trackand display positive and negative outcomes. Quality improvement data trends can lead toimproving and implementing and enhancing nursing practices, in turn, improving patient safety,decreasing readmissions, medical costs, and increasing patient satisfaction. Security Standards and RegulationsIn 1996, congress passed the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), a federal regulation that protects patient health information (PHI) within a healthcare facility, specializing in privacy, security and breach notifications (Savage & Adler-Milstein,
HEALTHINFORMATIONMANAGEMENT62018). These regulations are still used today by physicians, hospitals, and any other entity that has PHI. In addition to the HIPAA act, congress passed the Health Information Technology for Clinical Health (HITEC) in 2009; this act provided billions of dollars in an incentive for physicians and hospitals to implement software to keep track of their patients' medical care through electronic health records (Savage et al., 2018). Between HIPAA and HITECH regulations and standards, the two have provided patients assurance that their personal PHI is protected and secure in any healthcare setting. Data Integrity HIPPA security rules mandate integrity protection for all health transmissions; the organizations are responsible for ensuring that this information is accurate and secure (Brown, Pasupathy, & Patrick, 2019). Every healthcare facility is mandated to protect patient information with security in place by using secure servers, as well as regularly archiving to provide quality care to the patients they serve. The standards that bind the healthcare world hold up the meaningful use of HIS within any healthcare facility. Nurses play a vital role in aiding in this coalition to secure patient information. For incidence, nurses are on the front lines when delivering patient-centered care, and this is a priority in doing so, protecting patient information by confirming identification and authorization in writing to share that information.