Hshealthu05c18l3 12803 1236 pm page 478 applying

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Applying Health Skills Advocacy. Make a card reminding yourself or the females in your family to perform a monthly breast self-exam. Provide step-by- step instructions. Add a catchy phrase that will remind users of the importance of early detection, and include warning signs that should prompt females to seek professional health services. Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 1. How do the structures in the fallopian tubes help move the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus? 2. Explain ovulation, fertilization, and menstruation. 3. List three causes of infertility in females. Thinking Critically 4. Synthesizing. Analyze the importance of abstinence as it relates to the prevention of STDs. What behav- iors can female teens practice to protect the health of their reproductive systems? 5. Analyzing. Relate the importance of early detec- tion and warning signs for problems of the female reproductive system. Why is it important for every female to have regular pelvic exams starting at age 18 or when recommended by her physician? P R E S E N T A T I O N S O F T W A R E You can use presentation software to combine text and graphics on your reminder card. For help in using presentation software, go to health.glencoe.com. Lesson 3 The Female Reproductive System 479 Other Female Reproductive Disorders Other reproductive disorders include the following: Vaginitis, caused by bacterial vaginosis, is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age, and it is often accompanied by discharge, odor, pain, itching, or burning. If not treated with antibiotics, vaginitis can sometimes lead to PID. Blocked fallopian tubes, the leading cause of infertility, may result from PID, abdominal surgery, STDs, or endometriosis. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs on the ovary. Small, noncancerous cysts usually disappear on their own. Larger cysts may require surgery. Cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancer occur in the female reproductive system. Early sexual activity and STDs such as human papillomavirus (HPV) are related to an increased incidence of cervical cancer. Regular checkups and pelvic exams are important for early detection and treatment. U ntreated STDs put women at risk for infertility, chronic pelvic pain, and cancer. Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STD in the United States. Symptoms, when present, include vaginal discharge or unexpected bleeding, burning upon urination, and abdominal pain. HPV is probably the most common viral STD among sexually active young people. Infection with certain types of HPV can lead to cervical cancer. HPV has no known cure. health.glencoe.com HS_HEALTH_U05_C18_L3 12/8/03 12:36 PM Page 479
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H E A L T H Body Odor “Another change that becomes apparent dur- ing the teen years is your body odor,” says Dr.
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