Home Assignment Gather information relating to depletion of natural resources in your area Suggest some effective means to tackle the problem of depleting natural resources of the country. Write a note on the government policy towards natural resources of the country. Summary A nation's natural resources often determine its wealth in the world economic system and its diplomatic, military, and political influence. Developed nations are those, which are less dependent on natural resources for wealth, due to their greater reliance on infrastructural capital for production. However, some see a resource curse whereby easily obtainable natural resources could actually hurt the prospects of a national economy by fostering political corruption. Political corruption can negatively impact the national economy because time is spent giving bribes or other economically unproductive acts instead of the generation of generative economic activity. This has been seen over the years with legislation passed to appease companies who will benefit. There also tends to be concentrations of ownership over specific plots of land that have proven to yield natural resources. In recent years, the depletion of natural capital and attempts to move to sustainable development have been a major focus of development agencies. This is of particular concern in rainforest regions, which hold most of the Earth's natural biodiversity - irreplaceable genetic natural capital. Conservation of natural resources is the major focus of natural capitalism, environmentalism, the ecology movement, and green politics. 70
ABM 502 Unit II Some view this depletion as a major source of social unrest and conflicts in developing nations. References and Suggested Readings: Reports of working groups, National Commission on Population Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, Census of India 2001: Provisional Population Totals, Paper 1 of 2001 (New Delhi: Government of India, 2001). Datt, Ruddar & Sundharam, K.P.M. (2005). "2". Indian Economy . S.Chand. ISBN 81-219-0298-3 . Sankaran, S (1994). "3". Indian Economy: Problems, Policies and Development . Margham Publications. Kumar, Dharma (Ed.). "4". The Cambridge Economic History of India (Volume 2) . 71
ABM 502 Unit II LESSON 5 POPULATION DYNAMICS Introduction Theory of Demographic transition The Demographic transition model (DTM) is a model used to explain the process of shift from high birth rates and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates as part of the economic development of a country from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economy. It is based on an interpretation begun in 1929 by the American demographer Warren Thompson of prior observed changes, or transitions, in birth and death rates in industrialized societies over the past two hundred years.
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