of land for about 30 if they lived on it for five years and improved it by for

Of land for about 30 if they lived on it for five

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of land for about $30 if they lived on it for five years and improved it by, for instance, building a house on it. The act helped make land accessible to hundreds of thousands of westward-moving settlers, but many people also found disappointment when their land was infertile or they saw speculators grabbing up the best land. (479, 645) Hudson River school (mid-nineteenth century): American artistic movement that produced romantic renditions of local landscapes. (359) Huguenots: French Protestant dissenters, the Huguenots were granted limited toleration under the Edict of Nantes. After King Louis XIV outlawed Protestantism in 1685, many Huguenots fled elsewhere, including to British North America. (109) The Impending Crisis of the South (1857): Antislavery tract, written by white Southerner Hinton R. Helper, arguing that non- slaveholding whites actually suffered most in a slave economy. (439) impressment: Act of forcibly drafting an individual into military ser- vice, employed by the British navy against American seamen in times of war against France, 1793–1815. Impressment was a contin- ual source of conflict between Britain and the United States in the early national period. (239) Incas: Highly advanced South American civilization that occupied present-day Peru until they were conquered by Spanish forces under Francisco Pizarro in 1532. The Incas developed sophis- ticated agricultural techniques, such as terrace farming, in order to sustain large, complex societies in the unforgiving Andes Mountains. (8) indentured servants: Migrants who, in exchange for transatlantic passage, bound themselves to a colonial employer for a term of ser- vice, typically between four and seven years. Their migration addressed the chronic labor shortage in the colonies and facilitated settlement. (69) Indian Removal Act (1830): Ordered the removal of Indian Tribes still residing east of the Mississippi to newly established Indian Territory west of Arkansas and Missouri. Tribes resisting eviction were forcibly removed by American forces, often after prolonged legal or military battles. (285) “Intolerable Acts” (1774): Series of punitive measures passed in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, closing the Port of Boston, revoking a number of rights in the Massachusetts colonial charter, and expanding the Quartering Act to allow for the lodging of sol- diers in private homes. In response, colonists convened the First Continental Congress and called for a complete boycott of British goods. (136) Iroquois Confederacy (late 1500s): Bound together five tribes— the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas—in the Mohawk Valley of what is now New York State. (42)
A34 Glossary of Key Terms Jamestown (1607): First permanent English settlement in North America founded by the Virginia Company. (30) Jay’s Treaty (1794): Negotiated by Chief Justice John Jay in an effort to avoid war with Britain, the treaty included a British promise to evacuate outposts on U.S. soil and pay damages for seized American vessels, in exchange for which, Jay bound the United

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