magic girdle, joyous consummation of sexuality; Cyprus o Ares (Mars) < Zeus + Hera > - war, coward, has affair with Aphrodite o Hephaestus (Vulcan) < Zeus + Hera > [fire] Hera threw him from Olympus – smith’s craftsmanship; ancestor of Athenians; birth and handicap Foreign Element: Dionysus (Liber) < Zeus + Semele > wine, orgies, intoxicated women follow him
o Semele asked to see Zeus in full form, and so when she did, she was incinerated and Dionysus attached to Zeus’ thigh Zeus: (Jupiter) Sky-father, cloud-gatherer, King of the Gods Usually depicted as being older looking but also having a young and athletic build Minoan Civilization (3000 – 1600 BC) Artistic and technological development. Great Goddess Mycenaean Civilization (1650 – 1150 BC). Warriors. Male sky god. Greek pantheon Cronos + Rhea = Zeus Crete, Mount Ida, Amalthea (Nymph or goat who raised him), Horn of Plenty (gift from Zeus) Thunderbolt; eagle; cloud-gatherer – God of all Greeks; all-embracing god Zeus’s cosmic procreations (115 or so affairs) Zeus and fate + Mnemosyne (Titanid) = 9 Muses o Calliope (epic poetry) o Clio (history) o Erato (lyric poetry) o Euterpe (flute) o Melpomene (tragedy) o Polyhymnia (hymns) o Terpsichore (dance) o Thalia (comedy)
o Urana (astronomy) + Themis (Titanid) = Moirae (Fates): Klotho, Lachesis, Atropos, Horae (Seasons); Dike (Justice) + Euronyme (Oceanid) = Graces (charities) : Aglaia, Euphrosyne, Thalia + Hera (wife) = Ares, Hebe, Eileithyia, and Hephaestus + Metis = Athena + Leto = Apollo and Artemis + Maia = Hermes + Dione = Aphrodite (Sometimes considered daughter of Zeus) + Semele (human) = Dionysus + Demeter = Persephone Ganymede (Trojan youth soldier) o Zeus had some gay affairs, Ganymede is most known o One of few Zeus had affairs with taken to Olympus o Taken by eagle o Serves as cup bearer Io (human), turned into eyes of cow = Epaphus o Hera finds out and threatens to send Argus to keep an eye on Io o Zeus sends Hermes to kill Argus o Argus’ eyes supposedly became part of peacocks’ feathers o Hera sent fly to watch
o Cow wandered to Egypt + Callisto (nymph that followed Artemis), bear = Arcas o Zeus disguises himself as Artemis and has sex multiple times with Callisto o Turned into a bear by either Hera or Artemis o Arcas becomes a hunter and accidentally kills mother, who was now a bear + Europa, bull = Minos + Leda, swann = Pollux, Helen, Castor, Clytemnestra (Dioscuroi) + Danae, golden rain = Perseus + Alcmene, Amplitron = Heracles Great Goddess: Great Goddess came from Minoan Civilization o Were matriarchate o Symbols: Snakes; earth; moon; tee; vessel Mother Earth is even before this, in Neolithic Time Era, before Bronze Age Life-Death-Rebirth; Heaven-Earth-Underworld; Maiden-Mother-Old Woman (great goddess has 3-fold) o New male gods. Patriarchate. Symbols: spear; sword; thunderbolt Great mother of Gods, Cybele (together with Attis), Attis (castrated himself) (reborn as pine tree) Isis (Egyptian mother) (Sometimes Io) Gaea. Parthenogenesis: Uranus, Pontus, Mountains
o (Gaea + Uranus = Titans, Cyclopes. Hecatoncheires) Hestia – life-sustaining fire Athena – Maiden, strategy Hera – Wife, family Aphrodite – lover, sexual urge
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