Urges king to put koryo on same level as china and

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Urges king to put Koryo on same level as China and define itself an empire, not just a kingdom, and urges him to move into North (Jurgen Chin territory), but China might get angryMilitary Coup of 1170Chong Chung-bu, Yi Yuibang, Yi Ko, Kim Pusik
Chong Chung-bu and other led uprising because of military injusticesMilitary rule, power struggle (not a peaceful transfer of power, different military strongmen have their own armies = fractured Korea) unstable until rise of General Ch’oe Chung-honCivil supremacy – weakening of military officials relative to civil officialsCh’oe House Rule (1196-1258)Rise of general Ch’oe Chung-hon who administered authority, recruited civilian scholars to manage government bureaucracy, supported military forceRelationship to throne (want to put favorable figurehead without power)oFeudalism military has controlInternal power struggles within the Ch’oe house (between brother, for example)Political organization: Personal Security Force (personal bodyguard)Military organization: large private army (replaced regular dynastic troops, nurtured by Ch’oe house)Koryo Kanghwa (moved capital, betraying people and aristocracy) overthrown by MongolsCh’oe family promoted men of talent (but not all slaves which lead to peasant and slave rebellions, like Manjok Rebellion in 1198)“Ten Injunctions” Memorial – fundamental faults of Koryo, new ways to the KingoTalks about corruption!Mongol Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368)Kublai Khan = founder (Mongol and China), King Kongmin (pro-Ming China) King U (pro-Mongol) Yi Songgye (Choson)Korea was “son-in-law” nation (ch’ung = loyalty)oMarriage ties with Koryo (raised in Mongolia, married Mongol woman and sent to Korea to rule)oHeterogeneity of Korean peopleKorea had own monarchy and government but controlled by MongolTribute demand (gold, silver, furs, horses, etc. and human tributes – Empress Ki)Exchange of artifacts of both high and lower culture integrated Korea into a truly global order for the first timeEmbarrassing significant strain of Mongol provenance in the Korean people (heterogeneity) and culture Choson = ? ?  - name gives legitimacy (1392 – 1910)Yi Songgye (King T’aejo) = founder, Chong Tojon, Yi Pangwon, King SejongGrowing emphasis on Neo Confucianism (Confucianism applied to present issues)oYulgok vs. T’oegyeoKorea Confucianism and the Korean Family (Sin Saimdang)Founded in the aftermath of the overthrow of the Koryo kingdomoYi Songgye takes over (coup d’etat) a weakened Koryo (from war and Mongols)Literati purges
oPower struggle between yangban factions (Meritorious Elites vs. Sarim rural Neo-Confucian literati)oSarimscholars suffered persecution at the hands of their political rivalsExamination system (civil, military, miscellaneous)Much of modern Korea stems from traditional thought pattern that originated from this periodEncouraged the development of national identity which once was threatened by the MongolsYi Song gye= ? ? ?  (King T’aejo = ? ?) (r. 1391-1398)

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