However the main difference is that the states lack

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that there is a union of various nations to enable political and economic convenience. However, the main difference is that the states lack autonomy and authority over certain decisions in federalism, while in a confederation the central administration is subject to the nations. The Evolution of the Models of Federalism in the United States Dual, cooperative, and progressive federalism are the three main models of federalism. The dual federalism, which existed between the 1790s and 1930s, involved the levels of government operating separately with a split to balance them. Cooperative federalism involved sharing power equally between the two levels of governments to solve common problems; it existed between 1930 and 1960. Progressive federalism, which has been in operation since 2009, involves giving the states some powers that were initially reserved for the federal government. Devolution According to Bennett and DiIulio Devolution refers to a governing system involving vesting a lot of powers related to policy and decision making to the local and state government instead of the federal government. Bennett and Dilulio argue that decentralization has been unsuccessful in reducing the size of
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government. For example, the block-grant programs for the states did not cut costs as they were in effect longer than expected. Also, the federalism proved to be more competent in cutting down aid to the states from $127b in 1980 to $170b. Therefore, as seen from the above cases, devolution does not reduce the size of the federal government.
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  • Spring '17
  • Federalism, U.S. state, Federal government of the United States

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