4 social sustainability looking at a basic sense

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 150

This preview shows page 10 - 13 out of 150 pages.

4 Social Sustainability Looking at a basic sense, social sustainability implies a system of social orga- nization that assuages poverty. In a deeper fundamental sense, however, social sustainability establishes the nexus between social conditions such as poverty and environmental decay (Ruttan 1991 ; Basiago 1999 ). When it comes to system level, a socially sustainable system must achieve fairness in distribution and opportunity, adequate provision of social services including health and education, gender equity, and political accountability and participation (Harris 2003 ). 4 S.S. Muthu
Image of page 10
5 Sustainability in Textile Supply Chain Textile industry consists of a highly complex and a massive supply chain (Basiago 1999 ; Muthu 2014a , b ; Gardetti and Muthu 2015 ). Diversity and the intermittent supply chain add further severity to it. There are many processes involved in getting an apparel product fi nally manufactured and there are many partners playing a key role in this lengthy supply chain to produce a clothing product. This industry is such a diversi fi ed one with many fi bres and their dedicated process lines, and even with the same process line (say for cotton sector manufacturing line or woollen line), there are many variants in the processes. A very detailed process chain for various fi bres, spinning methods, fabrication methods, chemical processing and apparel manufacturing steps is already explained in my previous publications (Sutton 2004 ). A very simple fl ow chart, which shows the key operations and players in textiles and clothing supply chain, is depicted in Fig. 2 . Inputs marked in Fig. 2 as number 1 refer to raw materials, energy, water, chemicals, auxiliaries and even human inputs (labour). Outputs marked in Fig. 2 as number 2 refer to fi nished products, emissions (to air, water and land), wastewater and solid waste. As indicated in Fig. 2 , fi nished products reach consumer after sales efforts and after the consumer uses and decides to dispose it might join the same supply chain back as inputs if the product is recycled (as a closed loop). This again touches the life cycle of textile products, which will be discussed in detail in the forth coming chapters; however, at this stage the discussions are pertinent to the entire supply chain. Life cycle of textile products includes the following phases: Fibre cultivation or manufacturing; Textile and clothing production; Retailing; Consumer use; End of life. Sustainability aspects of textiles must look into the entire supply chain of textiles and the clothing with the scales to assess and further to improve upon the social, Fibre Production Yarn Production Fabric Production Apparel Production 1 Sales Consumer Inputs Outputs 2 Fig. 2 Textiles and clothing supply chain Introduction 5
Image of page 11
environmental and economic impacts at each stage of the entire supply chain.
Image of page 12
Image of page 13

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 150 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • environmental sustainability

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors