I martin luther the father of reformation a luthers

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I. Martin Luther: The Father of Reformation A. Luther’s Early Life 1. Birth and Childhood a. Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483 (Died in 1546). I.i. His birthplace is Eisleben, at Saxony, in Germany b. He was the second son of a successful Thüringian copper miner, Hans Luther. c. As a child, he was educated in Mansfield, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. 2. Early Education a. Luther attended the University of Erfurt at eighteen. b. He received his bachelor’s degree in 1502 at the age of twenty-one. a.i. He was taught the nominalist teachings of William of Ockham and Gabriel Biel. c. He received the masters-of-arts degree in 1505. i. He studied on liberal arts. d. Following his parents’ wish, Luther registered with the law faculty in order to study law. i. But he never began the study of law 3.Later Education: Becoming a Monk a.Luther vowed to become a monk during a life threatening incidentb.On July, 1505, without consulting his father, Luther entered the Order of the Hermits of SaintAugustine, in Erfurt.c.In the monastery, Luther focused on his major concern i. On a summer, while returning to Erfurt after a brief visit home, Luther was caught in a ferocious thunderstorm. ii. He cried to Saint Anne and vowed that if he survived unscathed, he would become a monk. i. Augustinian Hermits is a monastery of Augustinian monks.
i. The assurance of salvation d.Luther pursued a traditional course of study in 1507.e.Luther earned his doctorate in theology in 1512.B.What Is Luther Known For i. In 1510, he journeyed to Rome on business of his order. ii. There, he found justification for many criticisms of church. iii. In 1511, he moved to Augustinian monastery in Wittenberg. i. Thereafter, he became a leader within the monastery, the new university, and the spiritual life of the city. 1. Justification by Faith Alone a. Between 1513 and 1516, through his study of the Bible, Luther arrived at an answer to his problem i. “Humans are saved not through their good works but through faith in the promises of God.” b. Faith and trust are the only righteousness that can satisfy God i. “The righteousness that God demands did not result from many religious works and ceremonies, but was given in full measure to those who believe and trust in Christ, who alone is the perfect righteousness satisfying to God.” c. Later, the doctrine of salvation or justification by grace through faith alone became the primary doctrine of the Protestant Reformation.

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